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Table 5 Amino acid concentrations in liver, jejunum, and kidneys (μmol/l of intracellular water)

From: Alterations in protein and amino acid metabolism in rats fed a branched-chain amino acid- or leucine-enriched diet during postprandial and postabsorptive states

  Fed animals Overnight starved animals
SLD (n = 10) HVLID (n = 10) HLD (n = 9) SLD + S (n =10) HVLID + S (n = 10) HLD + S (n = 10)
Live
 Valine 430 ± 26 946 ± 51 a 438 ± 26 c 449 ± 31 469 ± 32 b 514 ± 25
 Isoleucine 692 ± 65 555 ± 33 a 321 ± 13 a,c 308 ± 27 b 280 ± 19 b 307 ± 18
 Leucine 603 ± 57 861 ± 50 1663 ± 158 a 545 ± 35 534 ± 38 b,c 580 ± 32 b
 Glutamine 15,588 ± 308 15,253 ± 646 14,247 ± 749 15,644 ± 1006 16,574 ± 1052 18,694 ± 639 a,b
 Alanine 6927 ± 340 6778 ± 321 6618 ± 335 3096 ± 378 b 3371 ± 362 b 4973 ± 224 a,b,c
Jejunum
 Valine 725 ± 75 1528 ± 195 a 918 ± 53 c 632 ± 94 569 ± 48 562 ± 42
 Isoleucine 477 ± 51 990 ± 146 a 634 ± 47 c 406 ± 61 357 ± 34 357 ± 30
 Leucine 790 ± 73 1589 ± 215 3367 ± 644 a,c 787 ± 109 623 ± 57 718 ± 48
 Glutamine 1900 ± 202 1721 ± 148 1871 ± 149 1042 ± 79 b 1358 ± 102 1456 ± 105
 Alanine 6032 ± 431 6036 ± 233 7338 ± 249 a,c 4107 ± 308 4495 ± 182 4,5003 ± 202
Kidney
 Valine 402 ± 33 675 ± 51 a 410 ± 34 c 404 ± 21 444 ± 26 444 ± 21
 Isoleucine 308 ± 35 344 ± 27 295 ± 51 222 ± 11 239 ± 15 241 ± 17
 Leucine 481 ± 33 503 ± 37 911 ± 73 a,c 481 ± 20 241 ± 80 b 483 ± 28 b
 Glutamine 4335 ± 193 4051 ± 123 4110 ± 312 3233 ± 216 b 3249 ± 197 3324 ± 133 b
 Alanine 2156 ± 84 2331 ± 132 2801 ± 113 a,c 1719 ± 81 b 1857 ± 63 b 2109 ± 64 b
  1. Means ± SE, p ˂ 0.05
  2. a compared to the corresponding control (SLD or SLD + S)
  3. b compared to the corresponding fed group
  4. c HLD (HLD + S) vs. HVLID (HVLID + S). Abbreviations as indicated in Table 1