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Table 2 Concentrations of specific bacterial groups, detected by qPCR, in faeces of volunteers consuming the thylakoid supplement for 3 months compared to volunteers consuming the control supplement. Wilcoxon’s test was used to estimate statistical differences. Medians and interquartile ranges are reported

From: Dietary green-plant thylakoids decrease gastric emptying and gut transit, promote changes in the gut microbial flora, but does not cause steatorrhea

Bacterial taxa Control Control P Thylakoid Thylakoid P
Before intervention After three months Before intervention After three months
Log 16S rRNA gene copies/g faeces Log 16S rRNA gene copies/g faeces Log 16S rRNA gene copies/g faeces Log 16S rRNA gene copies/g faeces
Median Range Median Range Median Range Median Range
Total bacteria 11.0 10.8–11.2 10.8 10.6–11.0 0.464 10.9 10.8–11.1 11.2 11.0–11.4 0.034
Akkermansia muciniphila-like 8.7 7.8–10.2 9.1 7.7–9.6 0.850 9.9 8.8–10.5 9.6 8.9–10.3 0.744
Bacteroides fragilis group 8.7 8.3–9.2 9.2 8.4–9.2 0.252 9.1 8.8–9.6 9.5 9.2–9.9 0.002
Clostridium coccoides group 10.3 10.2–10.9 10.2 10.0–10.5 0.298 10.5 10.4–10.9 10.8 10.3–11.0 0.325
Clostridium leptum subgroup 10.5 10.0–10.6 10.4 9.6–10.6 0.298 10.6 10.1–10.8 10.6 10.3–10.8 0.865
Enterobacteriaceae 8.3 7.4–9.0 8.2 6.3–8.7 0.495 7.4 6.6–8.3 7.5 7.0–8.8 0.393
Lactobacillus 7.1 6.6–8.5 7.5 6.6–8.3 0.636 7.4 6.8–7.8 7.6 7.0–7.9 0.455
  1. Significant p-values are highlighted in bold and italicized