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Fig. 2 | Nutrition & Metabolism

Fig. 2

From: Postprandial lipemic and inflammatory responses to high-fat meals: a review of the roles of acute and chronic exercise

Fig. 2

The proposed anti-inflammatory effect of acute aerobic exercise. Triglyceride rich lipoproteins (TRL), High-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL), Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL), Very-low density lipoprotein cholesterol (VLDL), Interleukin-1 (IL-1), Interleukin-6 (IL-6), Interleukin-10 (IL-10), Tumor Necrosis Factor- α (TNF- α). Acute aerobic exercise decreases circulating triglycerides through increased TRL clearance from circulation, decreased TRL appearance from the small intestine, decreased VLDL secretion from the liver, and increased lipolysis and fat oxidation. Each of these processes contributes to lower PPL, increased HDL, decreased TRL resident time in circulation, and decreased LDL oxidation. These processes combine to create a less inflammatory environment within the vasculature. Muscle contractions during aerobic exercise release the anti-inflammatory cytokines IL-6 and IL-10. These cytokines inhibit production of pro-inflammatory cytokines TNF- α and IL-1 leading to lower inflammation within the vasculature

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