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Table 4 Postprandial response (iAUtC1 ± SD) of bone biomarkers and inflammatory markers by test meal

From: The role of a dairy fraction rich in milk fat globule membrane in the suppression of postprandial inflammatory markers and bone turnover in obese and overweight adults: an exploratory study

  Test meals Test Meal x MFGM interaction
p-value
PO + MFGM PO WC + MFGM WC
C1CP −0.18 ± 0.9 0.07 ± 1.2 0.01 ± 0.9 −0.28 ± 0.8 0.859
CTX −1.52 ± 1.0b −1.16 ± 0.9a −1.67 ± 0.9c −1.49 ± 0.9bc 0.332
IL-6 −0.70 ± 1.5 −0.78 ± 1.4 −0.84 ± 1.5 −0.47 ± 1.0 0.846
IL-18 −1.93 ± 10.6 −5.58 ± 11.4 −6.68 ± 11.0 −3.81 ± 11.5 0.106
TNF-α −0.12 ± 0.7 −0.36 ± 0.6 −0.49 ± 0.7 −0.26 ± 0.7 0.102
CRP 0.04 ± 0.3 0.12 ± 0.2 0.10 ± 0.2 0.08 ± 0.2 0.119
IL-10 0.71 ± 1.8 −0.25 ± 1.8 0.37 ± 1.7 0.19 ± 1.7 0.567
sICAM 0.13 ± 0.5b 0.37 ± 0.4a 0.28 ± 0.4ab 0.32 ± 0.5ab 0.080
  1. 1Mean incremental area under transformed curve
  2. Significant differences in iAUtC of bone biomarkers and inflammatory markers among test meals are indicated by superscript letters
  3. N = 36
  4. Test meals: palm oil plus milk fat globule membrane (PO + MFGM), palm oil (PO), whipping cream plus milk fat globule membrane (WC + MFGM), whipping cream (WC)
  5. Bone variables: type 1 C-terminal collagen propeptide (C1CP), C-telopeptide of type 1 collagen (CTX)
  6. Inflammatory variables: interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-18 (IL-18), tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFα), C-reactive protein (CRP), interleukin-10 (IL-10), soluble intercellular adhesion molecule (sICAM)