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Table 4 Total FAME (mg/g) and fatty acid composition (% total fatty acids) in liver

From: Markers of neuroprotection of combined EPA and DHA provided by fish oil are higher than those of EPA (Nannochloropsis) and DHA (Schizochytrium) from microalgae oils in Wistar rats

  Milk Fat Fish Oil Nanno Schyzo Significance
Mean SE Mean SE Mean SE Mean SE  
Total FAME 317ab 9.38 324ab 13.7 340a 16.5 308b 9.09 0.009
Fatty acids
 12:0 0.103a 0.005 0.089a 0.007 0.129a 0.015 0.064b 0.005 < 0.001
 14:0 1.67b 0.077 1.91ab 0.128 2.33a 0.137 1.19c 0.081 < 0.001
 15:0 0.391c 0.009 0.525b 0.017 0.596b 0.025 1.05a 0.053 < 0.001
 16:0 18.1b 0.186 24.2a 0.484 24.4a 0.510 24.3a 1.08 < 0.001
 16:1n-9 0.416b 0.033 0.622a 0.055 0.421b 0.031 0.392b 0.026 0.008
 16:1n-7 2.13b 0.220 3.40a 0.402 4.58a 0.471 1.74b 0.151 < 0.001
 17:0isobr 0.274b 0.005 0.365a 0.019 0.357a 0.014 0.292ab 0.029 <0.001
 17:0 0.221d 0.008 0.270c 0.015 0.346b 0.019 0.541a 0.025 <0.001
 16:3n-4 0.212b 0.009 0.293a 0.020 0.322a 0.020 0.261ab 0.017 <0.001
 17:1 0.089 0.005 0.109 0.008 0.098 0.007 0.104 0.015 0.192
 18:0 6.10b 0.369 6.62ab 0.587 7.47ab 0.652 8.19a 0.359 0.003
 18:1n-9 21.7b 0.289 24.9a 0.595 21.2b 0.329 19.2c 0.578 < 0.001
 18:1n-7 2.00a 0.070 2.21a 0.060 2.25a 0.077 1.68b 0.056 < 0.001
 19:0isobr 0.186b 0.006 0.227a 0.012 0.253a 0.016 0.157b 0.009 < 0.001
 18:2n-6 30.7a 0.471 18.3c 0.325 21.6b 0.417 21.1b 0.259 < 0.001
 19:0 0.412a 0.025 0.113d 0.005 0.167b 0.006 0.141c 0.002 < 0.001
 18:3n-3 2.57a 0.293 1.33b 0.086 1.50b 0.097 1.38b 0.055 0.003
 18:4n-3 0.145 0.025 0.114 0.012 0.083 0.021 0.093 0.025 0.269
 20:1n-9 0.222b 0.008 0.574a 0.029 0.097c 0.003 0.071d 0.005 < 0.001
 20:1n-7 0.103 0.014 0.121 0.018 0.099 0.007 0.099 0.012 0.688
 20:2n-6 0.344a 0.021 0.126b 0.003 0.135b 0.004 0.100c 0.006 < 0.001
 20:4n-6 5.88a 0.257 2.51b 0.308 4.37ab 0.254 5.40ab 0.324 < 0.001
 20:4n-3 0.180ab 0.060 0.272a 0.033 0.117b 0.013 0.103b 0.014 < 0.001
 20:5n-3 0.513c 0.075 2.17a 0.217 2.08a 0.209 0.900b 0.093 < 0.001
 22:4n-6 0.242a 0.014 0.053b 0.003 0.091b 0.005 0.100ab 0.017 < 0.001
 22:5n-3 0.715b 0.081 1.18a 0.070 1.31a 0.112 0.409b 0.081 < 0.001
 22:6n-3 1.33b 0.067 3.85a 0.293 0.598c 0.051 6.43a 1.18 < 0.001
 Others 3.04ab 0.089 3.40b 0.120 3.05a 0.057 4.53c 0.265 < 0.001
Partial sums and ratios
 Total SFA 27.4b 0.288 34.4a 0.846 36.1a 0.980 35.9a 1.55 < 0.001
 Total MUFA 26.7b 0.492 32.0a 0.955 28.7ab 0.780 23.3c 0.756 < 0.001
 Total PUFA 42.8a 0.378 30.2c 1.04 32.1bc 0.885 36.3b 1.83 < 0.001
 Total n-3 5.45b 0.505 8.92a 0.599 5.69b 0.430 9.31a 1.36 < 0.001
 Total n-6 37.2a 0.604 21.0c 0.555 26.1b 0.544 26.7b 0.554 < 0.001
n-3/n-6 0.148c 0.017 0.423a 0.022 0.217b 0.013 0.343ab 0.044 < 0.001
  1. n = 8 per group. Total SFA = 12:0 + 14:0 + 15:0 + 16:0 + 17:0isobr + 17:0 + 18:0 + 19:0isobr + 19:0; Total MUFA = 16:1n-9 + 16:1n-7 + 18:1n-9 + 18:1n-7 + 20:1n-9 + 20:1n-7; Total PUFA = 16:3n-4 + 18:2n-6 + 18:3n-3 + 18:4n-3 + 20:2n-6 + 20:4n-6 + 20:4n-3 + 20:5n-3 + 22:4n-6 + 22:5n-3 + 22:6n-3; Total n-3 = 18:3n-3 + 18:4n-3 + 20:4n-3 + 20:5n-3 + 22:5n-3 + 22:6n-3; Total n-6 = 18:2n-6 + 20:2n-6 + 20:4n-6 + 22:4n-6. a,b,c Means in the same row with different superscripts are statistically different (PDIFF adjust Tukey, P < 0.05)