Skip to main content

Table 5 Total FAME (mg/g) and fatty acid composition (% total fatty acids) in erythrocytes

From: Markers of neuroprotection of combined EPA and DHA provided by fish oil are higher than those of EPA (Nannochloropsis) and DHA (Schizochytrium) from microalgae oils in Wistar rats

  Milk Fat Fish Oil Nanno Schyzo Significance
Mean SE Mean SE Mean SE Mean SE  
Total FAME 9.82 0.718 10.6 0.455 10.8 0.320 11.7 0.889 0.521
Fatty acids
 14:0 0.550 0.052 0.680 0.044 0.730 0.037 0.780 0.170 0.068
 15:0 0.360a 0.024 0.430a 0.027 0.450b 0.011 0.940 0.066 < 0.001
 16:0anteiso 2.34 0.071 2.31 0.062 2.61 0.094 2.24 0.111 0.050
 16:0 23.9 1.18 25.7 1.09 26.0 0.459 24.8 0.942 0.329
 16:1n-9 0.120b 0.017 0.190a 0.007 0.160b 0.005 0.160ab 0.012 0.005
 16:1n-7 0.320c 0.033 0.520ab 0.035 0.720a 0.068 0.420bc 0.040 < 0.001
 17:0isobr 0.260c 0.006 0.270c 0.007 0.300b 0.004 0.330a 0.005 < 0.001
 17:0 0.460c 0.010 0.440c 0.010 0.580b 0.007 0.760a 0.009 < 0.001
 16:3n-4 0.300b 0.022 0.320ab 0.029 0.350ab 0.030 0.390a 0.016 0.009
 17:1 0.230a 0.012 0.210a 0.012 0.190a 0.015 0.150b 0.008 < 0.001
 16:3n-3 2.44 0.066 2.42 0.077 2.50 0.065 2.64 0.162 0.609
 16:4n-3 1.27a 0.034 1.16ab 0.038 1.08b 0.035 0.890c 0.042 < 0.001
 18:0 13.8a 0.138 13.1b 0.204 13.5ab 0.213 12.9b 0.228 0.004
 18:1n-9 7.84b 0.073 8.50a 0.058 8.00ab 0.257 8.04ab 0.281 < 0.001
 18:1n-7 2.24a 0.067 2.29a 0.051 2.21a 0.048 1.92b 0.047 < 0.001
 18:2n-6 13.2a 0.130 11.6b 0.195 11.1b 0.172 11.2b 0.424 < 0.001
 19:0 0.090a 0.009 0.070b 0.002 0.080a 0.002 0.080a 0.005 < 0.001
 18:3n-3 0.140a 0.019 0.090b 0.004 0.060c 0.005 0.070bc 0.011 < 0.001
 20:0 0.110ab 0.006 0.090b 0.006 0.100ab 0.005 0.130a 0.013 0.047
 20:1n-9 0.080b 0.005 0.400a 0.043 0.070b 0.009 0.090b 0.012 < 0.001
 20:1n-7 0.077 0.006 0.094 0.007 0.086 0.009 0.085 0.004 0.339
 20:2n-6 0.370a 0.023 0.200b 0.024 0.170b 0.009 0.190b 0.016 < 0.001
 20:4n-6 20.5a 0.617 14.6c 0.570 17.7b 0.172 17.9b 0.725 < 0.001
 20:4n-3 0.410ab 0.386 0.080b 0.012 0.060b 0.002 0.490a 0.110 < 0.001
 20:5n-3 0.260c 0.026 3.08a 0.114 2.33b 0.054 0.470c 0.254 < 0.001
 22:0 0.290b 0.026 0.270b 0.032 0.280b 0.009 0.390a 0.354 0.002
 22:4n-6 1.51a 0.118 0.250d 0.023 0.550b 0.021 0.390c 0.281 < 0.001
 22:5n-6 0.340b 0.021 0.100d 0.007 0.140c 0.008 1.75a 1.50 < 0.001
 22:5n-3 1.94bc 0.426 2.55b 0.177 3.50a 0.094 0.950c 0.654 < 0.001
 24:0 0.890 0.089 0.827 0.077 0.849 0.038 0.932 0.625 0.747
 22:6n-3 1.22c 0.097 4.24b 0.353 0.680d 0.061 5.78a 0.484 < 0.001
 24:1n-9 0.452 0.046 0.570 0.070 0.400 0.032 ND 0.106
 Others 1.69b 0.029 2.37a 0.080 2.47a 0.026 1.76b 0.057 < 0.001
Partial sums and ratios
 Total SFA 43.0 1.16 44.2 1.03 45.5 0.646 44.3 0.896 0.221
 Total MUFA 11.4b 0.119 12.8a 0.148 11.8ab 0.396 10.9b 0.332 < 0.001
 Total PUFA 43.9a 1.14 40.7ab 1.11 40.2b 0.389 43.1a 1.00 0.008
 Total n-3 7.68c 0.701 13.6a 0.691 10.2b 0.155 11.3a 0.556 < 0.001
 Total n-6 35.9a 0.659 26.8d 0.457 29.7c 0.166 31.4b 0.576 < 0.001
n-3/n-6 0.214c 0.018 0.509a 0.018 0.344b 0.004 0.359b 0.015 < 0.001
  1. n = 8 per group. ND, not detected. Total SFA = 14:0 + 15:0 + 16:0anteiso + 16:0 + 17:0isobr + 17:0 + 18:0 + 19:0 + 20:0 + 22:0 + 24:0; Total MUFA = 16:1n-9 + 16:1n-7 + 17:1 + 18:1n-9 + 18:1n-7 + 20:1n-9 + 20:1n-7 + 24:1n-9; Total PUFA = 16:3n-4 + 16:3n-3 + 16:4n-3 + 18:2n-6 + 18:3n-3 + 20:2n-6 + 20:4n-6 + 20:4n-3 + 20:5n-3 + 22:4n-6 + 22:5n-6 + 22:5n-3 + 22:6n-3; Total n-3 = 16:3n-3 + 16:4n-3 + 18:3n-3 + 20:4n-3 + 20:5n-3 + 22:5n-3 + 22:6n-3; Total n-6 = 18:2n-6 + 20:2n-6 + 20:4n-6 + 22:4n-6 + 22:5n-6. a,b,c Means in the same row with different superscripts are statistically different (PDIFF adjust Tukey, P < 0.05)