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Table 6 Total FAME (mg/g), fatty acid composition (% total fatty acids) and major phospholipid classes in brain

From: Markers of neuroprotection of combined EPA and DHA provided by fish oil are higher than those of EPA (Nannochloropsis) and DHA (Schizochytrium) from microalgae oils in Wistar rats

  Milk Fat Fish Oil Nanno Schyzo Significance
Mean SE Mean SE Mean SE Mean SE  
Total FAME 153 8.04 175 12.1 169 8.08 157 5.01 0.354
Fatty acids
 14:0 0.172 0.010 0.156 0.021 0.147 0.016 0.144 0.013 0.365
 16:0anteiso 2.23 0.101 2.14 0.089 2.36 0.180 2.13 0.863 0.641
 16:0 18.9 0.819 18.6 1.42 18.9 1.26 17.6 0.011 0.692
 16:1n-9 0.112 0.006 0.120 0.008 0.114 0.007 0.093 0.021 0.293
 16:1n-7 0.380 0.019 0.444 0.039 0.407 0.025 0.379 0.021 0.406
 16:3n-4 0.239 0.024 0.284 0.025 0.217 0.028 0.246 0.033 0.348
 16:3n-3 3.90 0.055 4.10 0.086 4.36 0.259 4.03 0.057 0.095
 16:4n-3 1.45 0.119 1.40 0.066 1.44 0.057 1.42 0.086 0.963
 18:0 18.9 0.382 19.6 0.181 19.9 0.332 19.2 0.283 0.174
 18:1n-9 15.8 0.427 16.6 0.277 15.9 0.246 16.1 0.483 0.238
 18:1n-7 3.03 0.095 2.93 0.041 3.01 0.031 2.88 0.085 0.239
 18:2n-6 1.04a 0.064 0.920ab 0.038 0.810b 0.028 0.830ab 0.082 0.011
 19:0 0.047 0.005 0.051 0.002 0.052 0.004 0.055 0.002 0.420
 18:4n-3 0.051 0.004 0.045 0.008 0.059 0.006 0.052 0.002 0.569
 20:0 0.459 0.069 0.437 0.036 0.443 0.035 0.442 0.038 0.994
 20:1n-9 1.44 0.286 1.33 0.144 1.36 0.103 1.44 0.172 0.962
 20:1n-7 0.449 0.077 0.398 0.037 0.413 0.030 0.430 0.044 0.915
 20:2n-6 0.151 0.019 0.110 0.008 0.120 0.007 0.097 0.008 0.050
 20:4n-6 10.1 0.284 9.28 0.209 9.60 0.476 9.59 0.181 0.202
 20:5n-3 ND 0.070a 0.006 0.040b 0.004 0.020c 0.003 0.000
 22:0 0.478 0.074 0.407 0.049 0.429 0.055 0.456 0.051 0.844
 22:1n-11 0.221 0.045 0.176 0.024 0.197 0.019 0.199 0.031 0.810
 22:1n-9 0.101 0.004 0.113 0.011 0.115 0.015 0.123 0.025 0.552
 23:0 0.241 0.013 0.235 0.023 0.279 0.035 0.247 0.018 0.736
 22:4n-6 3.21a 0.144 2.52b 0.185 2.98ab 0.183 2.73ab 0.163 0.031
 22:5n-6 0.804 0.099 0.532 0.187 0.719 0.312 0.940 0.061 0.192
 22:5n-3 0.280ab 0.064 0.340a 0.019 0.410a 0.036 0.160b 0.008 0.000
 24:0 1.11 0.141 0.893 0.115 0.991 0.163 0.999 0.099 0.705
 22:6n-3 11.4 0.601 13.0 0.707 10.9 0.857 13.1 0.724 0.084
 24:1n-9 1.43 0.252 1.14 0.162 1.27 0.211 1.25 0.167 0.800
 Others 1.88a 0.119 1.58b 0.084 2.13a 0.158 2.66a 0.166 0.000
Partial sums and ratios
 Total SFA 42.6 0.891 42.6 1.40 43.5 1.40 41.2 1.01 0.634
 Total MUFA 23.0 1.07 23.2 0.545 22.8 0.311 22.9 0.814 0.886
 Total PUFA 32.5 0.871 32.6 1.09 31.6 1.34 33.2 1.03 0.787
 Total n-3 17.0 0.536 19.0 0.835 17.2 0.816 18.8 0.697 0.084
 Total n-6 14.5a 0.436 12.8b 0.339 13.5ab 0.570 13.3ab 0.332 0.018
n-3/n-6 1.18c 0.035 1.48a 0.048 1.27bc 0.036 1.42ab 0.025 0.000
Major phospholipid classes
 NPL 31.1b 0.934 34.0ab 1.37 36.0a 0.861 33.6ab 2.73 0.023
 PE 33.4 0.732 33.4 0.956 31.9 0.621 34.3 1.55 0.288
 PS 21.9 1.21 20.5 2.03 20.5 0.658 18.3 1.89 0.468
 PC 13.6a 0.141 12.1ab 0.706 11.6b 0.523 13.9ab 0.776 0.016
  1. n = 8 per group. ND, not detected. NPL, non-polar lipids; PE, phosphatidylethanolamine; PS, phosphatidylserine; PC, phosphatidylcholine. Total SFA = 14:0 + 16:0anteiso + 16:0 + 18:0 + 19:0 + 20:0 + 22:0 + 23:0 + 24:0; Total MUFA = 16:1n-9 + 16:1n-7 + 18:1n-9 + 18:1n-7 + 20:1n-9 + 20:1n-7 + 22:1n-11 + 22:1n-9 + 24:1n-9; Total PUFA = 16:3n-4 + 16:3n-3 + 16:4n-3 + 18:2n-6 + 18:4n-3 + 20:2n-6 + 20:4n-6 + 20:5n-3 + 22:4n-6 + 22:5n-6 + 22:5n-3 + 22:6n-3; Total n-3 = 16:3n-3 + 16:4n-3 + 18:4n-3 + 20:5n-3 + 22:5n-3 + 22:6n-3; Total n-6 = 18:2n-6 + 20:2n-6 + 20:4n-6 + 22:4n-6 + 22:5n-6. a,b,c Means in the same row with different superscripts are statistically different (PDIFF adjust Tukey, P < 0.05)