Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 2 Baseline characteristics of study population based on combinations of body mass index and metabolic health defined by JIS criteriaa for women

From: Sex specific impact of different obesity phenotypes on the risk of incident hypertension: Tehran lipid and glucose study

   Metabolically healthy (n = 1231) Metabolically unhealthy (n = 888)  
Characteristics Total (n = 2119) Normal weight (n = 629) Overweight (n = 473) Obese (n = 129) Normal weight (n = 130) Overweight (n = 388) Obese (n = 370) P-value (for trend)
Age(years) 38.20(11.65) 32.08(10.43) 36.57(10.07) 40.41(10.95) 42.36(12.72) 42.67(11.01) 43.74(10.59) < 0.0001
BMI (kg/m2) 26.95(4.44) 22.33(1.76) 27.08(1.39) 32.81(2.66) 23.34(1.37) 27.59(1.42) 33.18(2.81) < 0.0001
WC (cm) 85.51(11.62) 74.51(6.68) 83.82(6.35) 94.17(9.39) 80.50 (7.23) 90.14(7.19) 100.24(7.70) < 0.0001
SBP (mm-Hg) 110.71(11.54) 105.39(10.48) 108.74(9.94) 111.37(8.75) 114.41(13.63) 114.82(11.39) 116.45(10.72) < 0.0001
DBP (mm-Hg) 73.80(7.97) 70.16(7.96) 72.60(7.28) 74.98(6.03) 75.18(8.45) 76.47(7.42) 77.80(6.67) < 0.0001
Low Physical activity (%) 1084(70.4) 439(69.8) 302(63.8) 88(68.2) 93(71.5) 267(68.8) 263(71.1) 0.304
Current smoker (%) 481(31.2) 21(3.30) 19(4.00) 6(4.7) 4(3.1) 15(3.9) 17(4.6) 0.043
Family history of premature CAD (%) 205(13.3) 83(13.2) 66(14.00) 28(21.7) 17(13.1) 75 (19.3) 65 (17.6) 0.029
FPG (mmol/l) 5.15(1.41) 4.74(0.47) 4.82(0.62) 4.77(0.43) 5.98(2.72) 5.65(1.90) 5.57(1.72) < 0.0001
Total cholesterol (mmol/l) 5.20(1.13) 4.70(0.94) 5.10(1.02) 5.32(0.88) 5.42(1.10) 5.59(1.21) 5.65(1.18) < 0.0001
TG (mmol/l) 1.60(0.99) 1.04(0.47) 1.22(0.60) 1.21(0.36) 2.22(1.02) 2.30(1.12) 2.19(1.14) < 0.0001
HDL- C(mmol/l) 1.15(0.28) 1.24(0.27) 1.23(0.25) 1.32(0.25) 1.00(0.26) 0.99(0.25) 1.05(0.26) < 0.0001
eGFR (ml/min/1.73 m2) 70.93(11.11) 75.81(10.99) 70.47(9.95) 69.03(11.34) 68.96(10.56) 68.15(10.50) 67.51(10.63) < 0.0001
HOMA-IR 2.06(1.63) 1.52(0.72) 1.74(0.90) 1.98(1.10) 2.45(3.66) 2.49(1.75) 2.84(1.89) < 0.0001
  1. Values are expressed as mean ± SD except median (interquartile range) for TG and HOMA-IR
  2. JIS, Joint Interim Statement; BMI, body mass index; WC, waist circumference; SBP, systolic blood pressure; DBP, diastolic blood pressure; FPG, fasting plasma glucose; TG, triglyceride; HDL-C, High density lipoprotein-cholesterol; eGFR, estimated glomerular filtration rate; HOMA-IR, hemostasis model assessment-insulin resistance
  3. aParticipants considered as metabolically healthy if they had ≤1 of the JIS components