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Table 2 Composition of experimental diets

From: Dietary chokeberry and dried jujube fruit attenuates high-fat and high-fructose diet-induced dyslipidemia and insulin resistance via activation of the IRS-1/PI3K/Akt pathway in C57BL/6 J mice

  Experimental diet
ND HFFD HFFD + C HFFD + J HFFD + M
Macronutrient composition
 Carbohydrate, % of energy 63.90 20.00 20.65 20.61 20.64
 Protein, % of energy 20.30 20.00 19.86 19.87 19.87
 Fat, % of energy 15.80 60.00 59.49 59.52 59.50
 Energy, kcal/kg 4000.00 4057.00 4047.03 4048.53 4047.78
Ingredients (g/kg)
 Casein, 30 Mesh 200.00 258.45 255.87 255.87 255.87
 L-cystine 3.00 3.88 3.84 3.84 3.84
 Corn starch 397.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
 Maltodextrin 10 132.00 161.53 159.91 159.91 159.91
 Sucrose 100.00 88.91 88.02 88.02 88.02
 Cellulose, BW200 50.00 64.61 63.96 63.96 63.96
 Soybean Oil 70.00 32.31 31.99 31.99 31.99
 Lard 316.60 313.43 313.43 313.43
 Mineral Mix S10022G 35.00
 Mineral Mix S10026 12.92 12.79 12.79 12.79
 DiCalcium Phosphate 16.80 16.63 16.63 16.63
 Calcium Carbonate 7.11 7.04 7.04 7.04
 Potassium Citrate, 1 H2O 21.32 21.11 21.11 21.11
 Vitamin Mix V10037 10.00
 Vitamin Mix V10001 12.92 12.79 12.79 12.79
 Choline Bitartrate 2.50 2.58 2.55 2.55 2.55
 Chokeberry powder 10.00 5.00
 Jujube fruit powder 10.00 5.00
Total (g) 999.50 999.94 999.94 999.94 999.94
  1. a AIN-93G as control diet for ND group
  2. b 60% High fat diet with 10% fructose drinking water (western diet) for HFFD group
  3. ND: Normal diet group, HFFD: High fat and high fructose (HFFD) diet group, HFFD+C: HFFD with 1% chokeberry powder group, HFFD+J: HFFD with 1% jujube fruits powder group, HFFD+M: HFFD with 0.5% chokeberry + 0.5% jujube fruits mixed powders group