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Table 3 Changes in concentrations (μg g−1) of harmful elements in hair

From: Effect of toxic trace element detoxification, body fat reduction following four-week intake of the Wellnessup diet: a three-arm, randomized clinical trial

VariablesWD
(n = 15)
CRD
(n = 15)
MRD
(n = 15)
p-value2)
(W-M-C)
p-value3)
(W-M)
p-value4)
(W-C)
p-value5)
(M-C)
Pb
 Baseline4.6(3.2–7.6)5.7(3.4–9.3)4.3(3.4–6.6)    
 4-week3.3(2.6–4.9)5.6(3.1–9.6)3.6(2.9–6.8)0.6680.4430.8190.547
p-value1)0.0800.4540.178    
Ni
 Baseline0.9(0.7–1.4)1.0(0.3–1.3)0.9(0.5–1.2)    
 4-week0.6(0.4–1.0)0.6(0.5–1.3)1.0(0.6–1.5)0.0630.2280.0250.212
p-value0.0030.2540.600    
Rh
 Baseline0.0004(0.0002–0.0006)0.0004(0.0003–0.0007)0.0004(0.0002–0.0004)    
 4-week0.0002(0.0–0.0004)0.0004(0.0002–0.0007)0.0003(0.0002–0.0004)0.0670.0340.0700.770
p-value0.0050.7480.578    
Be
 Baseline0.0037(0.0032–0.0058)0.0042(0.0024–0.0068)0.0041(0.0020–0.0062)    
 4-week0.0029(0.0025–0.0038)0.0034(0.0024–0.0096)0.0055(0.0019–0.0099)0.2920.4310.0970.648
p-value0.1470.6270.235    
As
 Baseline0.22(0.15–0.37)0.23(0.15–0.31)0.18(0.14–0.29)    
 4-week0.20(0.15–0.28)0.19(0.15–0.25)0.20(0.13–0.28)0.5340.4800.4680.361
p-value0.2620.0410.989    
Hg
 Baseline7.17(5.21–11.63)6.56(4.36–8.91)9.06(6.91–14.99)    
 4-week8.37(5.95–10.51)6.89(4.52–9.71)10.05(7.38–15.72)0.5850.9340.4550.320
p-value0.6390.2290.107    
U
 Baseline0.22(0.07–0.37)0.18(0.03–0.61)0.14(0.01–1.52)    
 4-week0.12(0.04–0.35)0.18(0.03–0.43)0.10(0.02–1.81)0.5960.3290.5200.771
p-value0.0980.7340.798    
Sn
 Baseline0.61(0.29–2.35)0.38(0.30–0.77)0.53(0.40–1.21)    
 4-week0.55(0.35–0.95)0.44(0.28–1.07)0.59(0.33–1.98)0.0900.0500.0680.852
p-value0.0730.5610.421    
Cd
 Baseline0.03(0.02–0.06)0.03(0.02–0.04)0.03(0.02–0.05)    
 4-week0.04(0.03–0.06)0.03(0.02–0.05)0.03(0.02–0.05)0. 774> 0.9990.5510.550
p-value0.4820.3940.871    
Tl
 Baseline0.0024(0.0014–0.0052)0.0045(0.0031–0.0070)0.0025(0.0014–0.0045)    
 4-week0.0024(0.0020–0.0059)0.0053(0.0020–0.0065)0.0041(0.0020–0.0051)0.0320.2210.2060.008
p-value0.6100.2230.031    
Th
 Baseline0.0034(0.0022–0.0046)0.0026(0.0014–0.0038)0.0026(0.0020–0.0034)    
 4-week0.0032(0.0023–0.0039)0.0030(0.0016–0.0040)0.0025(0.0019–0.0031)0.5890.2540.7090.740
p-value0.9450.3230.820    
Pd
 Baseline0.013(0.008–0.024)0.009(0.007–0.017)0.024(0.006–0.033)    
 4-week0.014(0.007–0.016)0.011(0.007–0.017)0.016(0.011–0.032)0.5830.2900.5470.819
p-value0.104> 0.9990.703    
Gd
 Baseline0.002(0.002–0.003)0.002(0.001–0.002)0.002(0.002–0.003)    
 4-week0.002(0.001–0.003)0.002(0.001–0.003)0.002(0.001–0.004)0.5340.3620.330> 0.999
p-value0.139> 0.9990.945    
Ga
 Baseline0.016(0.010–0.021)0.012(0.006–0.019)0.012(0.009–0.016)    
 4-week0.010(0.008–0.016)0.010(0.065–0.014)0.013(0.011–0.027)0.0420.2130.0140.198
p-value0.0640.8040.135    
Au
 Baseline0.0(0.0–0.1)0.1(0.0–0.3)0.1(0.0–0.2)    
 4-week0.1(0.0–0.2)0.1(0.0–0.1)0.1(0.0–0.3)0.6690.4900.9070.438
p-value0.3130.8830.234    
Rb
 Baseline0.229(0.152–1.219)0.430(0.187–0.662)0.294(0.155–0.422)    
 4-week0.350(0.145–0.978)0.126(0.159–0.563)0.161(0.133–0.276)0.8250.6190.6190.836
p-value0.8470.2770.229    
Ba
 Baseline11.03(4.55–29.45)8.25(5.29–10.76)20.61(9.82–32.33)    
 4-week9.74(5.51–21.31)8.67(6.35–15.88)16.45(12.56–24.63)0.5890.7400.5340.320
p-value0.8470.9340.208    
Pt
 Baseline0.001(0.0–0.001)0.001(0.0–0.001)0.001(0.0–0.01)    
 4-week0.0(0.0–0.001)0.0(0.0–0.001)0.0(0.0–0.001)0.7770.5090.8910.616
p-value0.531> 0.999> 0.999    
Bi
 Baseline0.027(0.012–0.131)0.014(0.008–0.045)0.020(0.007–0.108)    
 4-week0.038(0.020–0.050)0.023(0.011–0.036)0.022(0.007–0.054)0.6900.3840.575> 0.999
p-value0.2480.891> 0.999    
Ce
 Baseline0.025(0.016–0.074)0.021(0.013–0.033)0.017(0.010–0.022)    
 4-week0.028(0.020–0.081)0.020(0.013–0.036)0.017(0.012–0.050)0.8990.7720.648> 0.999
p-value0.4630.5340.552    
Cs
 Baseline0.0(0.0–0.01)0.0(0.0–0.01)0.0(0.0–0.0)    
 4-week0.0(0.0–0.01)0.0(0.0–0.0)0.0(0.0–0.0)0.2130.1730.9760.115
p-value0.6250.6250.500    
Sb
 Baseline0.083(0.063–0.162)0.067(0.059–0.086)0.069(0.042–0.087)    
 4-week0.087(0.066–0.164)0.083(0.069–0.089)0.073(0.050–0.106)0.9000.5760.9340.934
p-value0.3520.2080.352    
Al
 Baseline26.2(18.9–52.8)33.2(26.9–36.7)27.6(23.3–39.3)    
 4-week29.4(19.4–55.3)37.1(28.8–44.5)28.3(19.7–50.4)0.8090.6480.534> 0.999
p-value0.9340.4630.367    
Ag
 Baseline0.30(0.22–1.18)0.85(0.24–1.67)0.30(0.14–0.90)    
 4-week0.24(0.18–1.42)0.94(0.28–1.82)0.32(0.15–0.88)0.2180.1910.0970.836
p-value0.0920.5610.552    
In
 Baseline0.0(0.0–0.0)0.0(0.0–0.0)0.0(0.0–0.0)    
 4-week0.0(0.0–0.0)0.0(0.0–0.0)0.0(0.0–0.0)0.398> 0.9990.3510.351
p-value    
Zr
 Baseline0.14(0.10–0.19)0.13(0.08–0.24)0.10(0.08–0.15)    
 4-week0.10(0.06–0.20)0.10(0.08–0.19)0.08(0.06–0.11)0.6700.5600.7240.418
p-value0.3820.7170.133    
W
 Baseline0.025(0.013–0.030)0.025(0.010–0.046)0.021(0.012–0.036)    
 4-week0.014(0.008–0.019)0.008(0.007–0.014)0.015(0.010–0.021)0.2170.6330.1580.135
p-value0.0020.0150.337    
Te
 Baseline0.002(0.001–0.005)0.003(0.002–0.005)0.0(0.0–0.001)    
 4-week0.002(0.0–0.003)0.002(0.0–0.005)0.001(0.0–0.002)0.2700.7540.1340.228
p-value0.1730.3150.652    
Ti
 Baseline18.2(9.0–63.1)17.7(10.5–55.2)18.6(13.7–42.0)    
 4-week19.3(8.8–56.0)20.9(11.7–29.5)19.9(13.6–30.8)0.999> 0.9990.9010.984
p-value0.7930.8580.571    
  1. Values are presented as median (interquartile range)
  2. 1) Analyzed by the Wilcoxon signed-rank test
  3. 2) Analyzed by the Kruskal Wallis test for WD-CRD-MRD groups
  4. 3) Analyzed by the Wilcoxon rank-sum test for change in WD-MRD groups
  5. 4) Analyzed by the Wilcoxon rank-sum test for change in WD-CRD groups
  6. 5) Analyzed by the Wilcoxon rank-sum test for change in MRD-CRD groups
  7. Abbreviations: WD Wellnessup diet, MRD maintaining regular diet, CRD calorie-restricted diet