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Table 2 Serum insulin results, as total area under the curve for 2 h (tAUC2hr, min.mIU/L)

From: The effect of 8 plant extracts and combinations on post-prandial blood glucose and insulin responses in healthy adults: a randomized controlled trial

Intervention N Mean adjusted for baseline SEM Mean % difference from control product (lower, upper adjusted 95% CI) Adjusted p-value vs control product
AE 32 5678 382 −22.3 (−35.3, −9.3) <.001
EE 30 6040 389 −17.3 (−30.6, −4.1) 0.003
MFE 34 5087 371 −30.4 (−43.0, −17.8) <.001
MLE 32 5190 383 −29.0 (−42.1, −15.8) <.001
TE 32 7527 383 3.0 (−10.1, 16.1) 0.996
AE + TE 30 5400 395 −26.1 (−39.6, −12.6) <.001
EE + TE 31 5781 389 −20.9 (−34.2, −7.6) 0.001
WBE 31 7820 389 7.0 (−6.2, 20.3) 0.681
Control product 65 7307 306   
  1. AE, EE, MFE, MLE, TE, WBE are extracts of apple, elderberry, mulberry fruit, mulberry leaf, turmeric, and white bean, respectively. N, number of subjects receiving each extract (all subjects received the control product). SEM, standard error of the mean