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Table 1 General characteristics and physical activity of overweight or obese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM)

From: Metabolic and clinical responses to Bunium Persicum (black caraway) supplementation in overweight and obese patients with type 2 diabetes: a double-blind, randomized placebo-controlled clinical trial

General variables and physical activity Caraway
(n = 27)
n(%) or Mean (SD)
Placebo
(n = 25)
n(%) or Mean (SD)
P-value
Age (yrs)   52.41(10.78) 50.09(10.87) 0.49*
Gender male 8.00(29.62) 9.00(36.00) 0.62**
female 19.00(70.38) 16.00(64.00)
Blood sugar-lowering agents Metformin 18.00(66.67) 16.00(64.00) 0.76**
Glibenclamide 4.00(14.81) 5.00(20.00)
Metformin+Glibenclamide 4.00(14.81) 4.00(16.00)
other 1.00(3.70) 0.00(0.00)
Education level up to associate degree 11.00(40.74) 12.0(48.00) 0.60**
Bachelor and higher 16.00(59.26) 13.0(52.00)
Economic level Low/moderate (≤6 living items) 8.00(29.62) 10.0(40.00) 0.43**
High (≥7 living items) 19.0(70.38) 15.0(60.00)
Physical activity level (Baseline) 1.42(0.57) 1.33(0.54) 0.59*
Physical activity level (End) 1.35(0.56) 1.43(0.51) 0.60*
  1. *t-test, **Chi-square