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Table 3 Individual amino acids, total BCAA, total EAA, and total amino acid area under the curve (AUC, μmol /L 180 min)

From: Bacillus coagulans GBI-30, 6086 improves amino acid absorption from milk protein

Amino acid MPC MPC + BC30 MPC vs. MPC + BC30
Mean SD Mean SD p value (t-test) % Difference ES (d) 95% CI
Arginine 329 84 368 66 0.028 11.8 0.52 (− 73.2, − 4.5)
Glutamine 2,478 281 2,483 307 0.924 0.2 0.02 (− 102.2, 92.9)
Citrulline 148 36 145 28 0.541 − 1.8 − 0.08 (− 6.1, 11.4)
Serine 421 71 439 73 0.131 4.2 0.24 (− 40.7, 5.6)
Asparagine 331 80 312 71 0.261 − 5.8 − 0.26 (− 15.0, 53.3)
Glycine 914 221 967 271 0.095 5.4 0.20 (− 109.0, 9.3)
Threonine 571 124 572 118 0.962 0.2 0.01 (− 47.9, 45.7)
Alanine 1,416 341 1,472 293 0.268 3.9 0.17 (− 156.4, 45.2)
Ornithine 266 61 284 70 0.165 6.9 0.28 (− 44.6, 8.0)
Methionine 131 26 138 19 0.101 6.0 0.34 (− 17.4, 1.6)
Proline 966 213 974 174 0.773 0.8 0.04 (− 63.4, 47.6)
Lysine 826 133 842 117 0.451 2.0 0.13 (− 62.0, 28.3)
Aspartic acid 18 7 19 9 0.824 2.4 0.05 (− 4.8, 3.8)
Histidine 327 44 324 34 0.642 − 0.9 − 0.09 (− 10.1, 16.1)
Valine 1,527 219 1,560 263 0.378 2.1 0.13 (− 107.3, 42.0)
Glutamic acid 134 40 148 53 0.088 9.4 0.30 (− 30.3, 2.2)
Tryptophan 382 74 397 94 0.485 3.8 0.18 (− 58.5, 28.5)
Leucine 770 102 797 122 0.123 3.5 0.24 (− 61.1, 7.7)
Phenylalanine 289 59 303 41 0.072 4.9 0.28 (29.8, 1.4)
Isoleucine 384 52 403 62 0.050 4.7 0.32 (− 36.5, 0.00)
Cysteine 72 30 77 34 0.482 7.7 0.17 (− 21.3, 10.3)
Tyrosine 344 59 356 60 0.265 3.6 0.21 (− 34.9, 10.0)
Total BCAA 2,698 364 2,762 433 0.301 2.4 0.16 (− 188.1, 60.2)
Total EAA 4,636 553 4,764 565 0.166 2.8 0.23 (− 313.8, 56.6)
Total Amino Acids 13,048 1,433 13,381 1,140 0.146 2.6 0.26 (− 789.3, 123.0)
  1. Values inside table are the calculated areas under the curves (AUC) using the trapezoidal rule for each participant who completed the study protocol. Italic-type face = between-group difference (p < 0.05)