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Table 3 Supplemental level of trace minerals and analyzed contents of protein and minerals in experimental diets

From: Effect of advanced chelate technology based trace minerals on growth performance, mineral digestibility, tibia characteristics, and antioxidant status in broiler chickens

Item Experimental treatments1
NTM INORG100 CTM25 CTM50 CTM100
Supplemental level
 Iron (mg/kg) 0 80 20 40 80
 Zinc (mg/kg) 0 92 23 46 92
 Manganese (mg/kg) 0 100 25 50 100
 Copper (mg/kg) 0 16 4 8 16
 Selenium (mg/kg) 0 0.3 0.08 0.15 0.3
 Iodine (mg/kg) 0 1.2 0.3 0.6 1.2
Chromium (mg/kg) 0 0.1 0.03 0.05 0.1
Analyzed mineral content
Starter (day 0–10)
 Crude protein (g/kg) 227 ± 3.2 225 ± 2.1 226 ± 2.0 228 ± 2.7 227 ± 1.8
 Calcium (g/kg) 9.7 ± 0.07 9.9 ± 0.12 9.8 ± 0.06 9.6 ± 0.14 9.7 ± 0.10
 Total phosphorus (g/kg) 7.8 ± 0.08 7.6 ± 0.06 7.7 ± 0.08 7.6 ± 0.10 7.5 ± 0.09
 Iron (mg/kg) 66 ± 0.62 148 ± 1.35 84 ± 1.12 108 ± 0.95 145 ± 1.43
 Zinc (mg/kg) 33 ± 0.81 123 ± 1.40 55 ± 1.21 80 ± 0.72 127 ± 1.13
 Manganese (mg/kg) 42 ± 0.41 143 ± 1.15 64 ± 0.80 95 ± 1.20 139 ± 2.02
 Copper (mg/kg) 3.2 ± 0.08 19.7 ± 0.26 7.4 ± 0.14 11.3 ± 0.20 20.1 ± 0.39
 Selenium (mg/kg) 0.15 ± 0.008 0.44 ± 0.018 0.23 ± 0.009 0.31 ± 0.013 0.47 ± 0.007
 Iodine (mg/kg) 0.12 ± 0.006 1.23 ± 0.026 0.38 ± 0.017 0.70 ± 0.014 1.25 ± 0.020
 Chromium (mg/kg) ND3 0.096 ± 0.008 0.028 ± 0.003 0.054 ± 0.004 0.102 ± 0.006
Grower (day 10–24)
 Crude protein (g/kg) 213 ± 2.5 215 ± 2.0 211 ± 1.7 211 ± 1.5 213 ± 1.4
 Calcium (g/kg) 8.9 ± 0.06 8.8 ± 0.09 9.1 ± 0.11 9.0 ± 0.08 8.9 ± 0.12
 Total phosphorus (g/kg) 7.3 ± 0.05 7.0 ± 0.12 7.2 ± 0.07 6.9 ± 0.07 7.1 ± 0.11
 Iron (mg/kg) 63 ± 0.55 143 ± 2.19 82 ± 1.07 105 ± 1.16 142 ± 1.45
 Zinc (mg/kg) 33 ± 0.63 121 ± 1.13 55 ± 0.92 78 ± 1.03 118 ± 1.35
 Manganese (mg/kg) 40 ± 0.35 145 ± 1.42 63 ± 1.22 92 ± 0.98 139 ± 1.18
 Copper (mg/kg) 3.0 ± 0.06 19.3 ± 0.21 7.2 ± 0.14 11.5 ± 0.20 19.4 ± 0.22
 Selenium (mg/kg) 0.15 ± 0.005 0.43 ± 0.012 0.21 ± 0.006 0.31 ± 0.012 0.46 ± 0.010
 Iodine (mg/kg) 0.11 ± 0.008 1.25 ± 0.023 0.38 ± 0.009 0.69 ± 0.012 1.24 ± 0.014
Chromium (mg/kg) ND 0.094 ± 0.006 0.026 ± 0.004 0.048 ± 0.005 0.099 ± 0.010
Finisher (day 24–42)
 Crude protein (g/kg) 194 ± 3.5 193 ± 3.0 193 ± 2.3 192 ± 1.9 193 ± 2.6
 Calcium (g/kg) 8.2 ± 0.05 8.1 ± 0.15 8.2 ± 0.09 8.3 ± 0.07 8.0 ± 0.13
 Total phosphorus (g/kg) 6.5 ± 0.07 6.3 ± 0.09 6.6 ± 0.12 6.5 ± 0.08 6.4 ± 0.14
 Iron (mg/kg) 58 ± 0.64 143 ± 1.73 80 ± 1.25 103 ± 1.14 139 ± 1.51
 Zinc (mg/kg) 30 ± 0.76 122 ± 1.55 54 ± 1.04 75 ± 0.86 118 ± 1.24
 Manganese (mg/kg) 42 ± 0.50 141 ± 2.10 65 ± 1.10 95 ± 0.85 143 ± 1.45
 Copper (mg/kg) 3.1 ± 0.08 19.7 ± 0.19 7.0 ± 0.14 11.8 ± 0.26 19.5 ± 0.32
 Selenium (mg/kg) 0.14 ± 0.009 0.41 ± 0.014 0.22 ± 0.005 0.28 ± 0.010 0.43 ± 0.015
 Iodine (mg/kg) 0.11 ± 0.010 1.27 ± 0.026 0.41 ± 0.012 0.70 ± 0.018 1.24 ± 0.024
 Chromium (mg/kg) ND 0.095 ± 0.006 0.027 ± 0.002 0.051 ± 0.005 0.104 ± 0.009
  1. 1NTM, no trace mineral supplementation; ITM, commercially recommended levels of inorganic trace mineral; CTM25, chelated trace mineral supplement (CTM) match to 25% of the ITM; CTM50, CTM match to 50% of the ITM; CTM100, CTM equivalent to ITM
  2. 2Mean and standard deviation of 3 samples/diet
  3. 3ND = nondetectable (< 2 µg/kg of diet)