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Table 4 Between-subject differences, optimal v. no response, on and before ketogenic diet

From: Differential ketogenic diet-induced shift in CSF lipid/carbohydrate metabolome of pediatric epilepsy patients with optimal vs. no anticonvulsant response: a pilot study

During KD responders / non-responders
Compound family Compound  
Ketone Bodies β-hydroxybutyrate 3.24**
acetoacetate 3.88**
1,2-propanediol 4.74*
Monohydroxy Fatty Acids γ-hydroxybutyrate 2.06**
3-hydroxyoctanoate 2.61**
Medium Chain Fatty Acid hexanoic acid 2.79**
Triglyceride Metabolism glycerol 1.34*
Glycolysis glycerate 0.62*
glucose 0.88**
Hexoses sorbose 0.28**
fructose 0.75**
Baseline
Acyl Carnitines acetylcarnitine 0.72*
 Corticosteroids cortisol 1.36*
 Hexoses mannose 0.72**
 Tetroses erythrulose 0.34*
  1. Ratios are fold difference between patients with an optimal vs. no clinical response. Only compounds with p < 0.10 are listed. *0.05 < p < 0.10, **p < 0.05