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Table 2 Energy intake and macronutrient and micronutrient intakes across the added-sugar groups

From: Association between added sugar intake and micronutrient dilution: a cross-sectional study in two adult Swedish populations

 Added Sugar Intake (%E) 
 <  5%5–7.5%7.5–10%10–15%15–20%>  20%p-trends
Riksmaten Adults
N27339338652117549 
Energy Intake (kcal/day)1651.3 (1578.7–1723.9)1883.1 (1824.0–1942.3)1899.5 (1830.6–1948.3)2016.9 (1965.8–2068.0)2061.1 (1971.8–2150.4)1898.8 (1733.7–2064.0)<  0.001
Carbohydrates (%E)38.8 (38.0–39.6)43.1 (42.5–43.7)44.0 (43.4–44.6)46.3 (45.7–46.8)50.0 (49.1–51.0)52.7 (51.0–54.5)<  0.001
Fat (%E)39.3 (38.5–40.1)36.7 (36.1–37.3)36.5 (35.8–37.1)35.4 (34.8–35.9)32.8 (31.9–33.8)30.9 (29.1–32.6)<  0.001
Protein (%E)19.6 (19.2–19.9)17.9 (17.6–18.2)17.3 (17.0–17.6)16.3 (16.0–16.5)15.2 (14.8–15.7)14.6 (13.8–15.4)<  0.001
Fiber (%E)2.3 (2.2–2.4)2.3 (2.2–2.3)2.2 (2.1–2.3)2.1 (2.0–2.1)1.9 (1.8–2.0)1.8 (1.6–2.0)<  0.001
Calcium (mg/day)921.4 (889.7–953.1)898.0 (877.7–923.4)879.4 (854.2–904.6)858.1 (836.0–880).2838.0 (799.6–876.4)792.1 (721.2–862.9)<  0.001
Folate (μg/day)284.6 (273.5–295.6)276.6 (267.8–285.4)266.1 (257.4–274.9)246.1 (238.5–253.8)232.2 (219.0–245.6)212.6 (188.0–237.2)<  0.001
Iron (mg/day)10.6 (10.2–11.0)10.7 (10.4–11.0)10.6 (10.3–10.9)10.3 (10.1–10.6)9.5 (9.1–10.0)9.6 (8.7–10.4)<  0.001
Magnesium (mg/day)350.9 (342.3–359.5)343.9 (337.1–350.8)342.6 (335.8–349.5)322.4 (316.4–328.3)300.1 (289.7–310.5)289.0 (269.8–308.2)<  0.001
Potassium (mg/day)3298.5 (3228′7.9–3369.1)3276.2 (3219.7–3332.7)3175.6 (3119 .4–3231.8)3037.2 (2988.0–3086.3)2886.9 (2801.3–2972.5)2604.8 (2446.9–2762.7)<  0.001
Selenium (μg/day)53.4 (51.3–55.4)47.8 (46.2–49.5)46.6 (45.0–48.2)43.0 (41.6–44.4)38.6 (36.2–41.1)36.0 (31.4–40.5)<  0.001
Vitamin C (mg/day)97.0 (90.6–103.5)101.2 (96.0–106.4)96.0 (90.8–101.1)92.3 (87.8–96.8)94.5 (86.6–102.3)80.4 (65.9–94.9)0.013
Vitamin D (μg/day)8.2 (7.7–8.8)7.5 (7.1–7.9)7.1 (6.6–7.5)6.6 (6.2–7.0)6.1 (5.4–6.8)5.1 (3.9–6.4)<  0.001
Zinc (mg/day)11.7 (11.5–12.0)11.2 (11.0–11.4)10.8 (10.6–11.0)10.3 (10.1–10.5)9.6 (9.3–9.9)9.1 (8.5–9.7)<  0.001
Malmö Diet and Cancer Study
N10612291321842491107312 
Energy Intake (kcal/day)2132.3 (2101.4–2163.1)2238.7 (2217.8–2259.7)2331.1 (2313.4–2348.8)2403.6 (2388.2–2419.0)2453.4 (2423.3–2483.6)2403.6 (2346.9–2460.4)<  0.001
Carbohydrates (%E)39.9 (39.6–40.2)41.6 (41.4–41.8)43.3 (43.1–43.5)45.7 (45.5–45.9)48.8 (48.5–49.1)52.8 (52.3–53.4)<  0.001
Fat (%E)40.7 (40.4–41.1)40.2 (40.0–40.4)39.2 (39.0–39.4)37.7 (37.5–37.9)35.6 (35.3–36.0)33.0 (32.4–33.7)<  0.001
Protein (%E)17.3 (17.2–17.4)16.3 (16.2–16.3)15.6 (15.5–15.6)14.7 (14.7–14.8)13.8 (13.7–13.9)12.6 (12.3–12.8)<  0.001
Fiber (%E)2.0 (2.0–2.0)1.9 (1.9–2.0)1.9 (1.9–1.9)1.8 (1.8–1.8)1.7 (1.7–1.7)1.5 (1.5–1.6)<  0.001
Calcium (mg/day)1271.4 (1252.0–1290.8)1207.9 (1194.7–1221.0)1169.8 (1158.7–1180.8)1136.5 (1126.9–1146.2)1093.5 (1074.7–1112.4)1012.8 (977.4–1048.3)<  0.001
Folate (μg/day)281.8 (278.0–285.6)269.1 (266.5–271.6)259.1 (257.0–261.3)248.3 (246.0–250.2)235.4 (231.7–239.1)210.4 (203.4–217.3)<  0.001
Iron (mg/day)16.9 (16.7–17.1)17.1 (16.9–17.2)16.8 (16.7–16.9)16.4 (16.3–16.5)15.4 (15.2–15.6)14.4 (14.0–14.7)<  0.001
Magnesium (mg/day)390.9 (387.6–394.1)378.1 (375.9–380.2)366.5 (364.7–368.3)354.8 (353.2–356.4)341.2 (338.1–344.4)325.2 (319.3–331.1)<  0.001
Potassium (mg/day)3872.9 (3835.4–3910.3)3687.5 (3662.1–3712.9)3573.9 (3552.6–3595.3)3438.2 (3419.6–3456.9)3298.1 (3261.6–3334.6)3053.3 (2984.8–3121.8)<  0.001
Selenium (μg/day)46.0 (45.3–46.7)42.4 (41.9–42.9)40.4 (40.0–40.8)37.7 (37.4–38.1)34.7 (34.1–35.4)31.2 (29.9–32.4)<  0.001
Vitamin C (mg/day)118.9 (115.5–122.3)108.0 (105.7–110.3)105.4 (103.4–107.3)103.8 (102.1–105.4)108.7 (105.4–112.1)122.8 (116.5–129.0)0.003
Vitamin D (μg/day)9.2 (9.0–9.3)8.6 (8.5–8.7)8.3 (8.2–8.4)7.8 (7.7–7.9)7.1 (6.9–7.2)6.2 (5.9–6.5)<  0.001
Zinc (mg/day)13.1 (13.0–13.2)12.6 (12.5–12.7)12.1 (12.0–12.1)11.4 (11.4–11.5)10.6 (10.5–10.8)9.7 (9.5–9.9)< 0.001
  1. Energy intake and macronutrient and micronutrient intakes (mean and 95% CI) across the added-sugar intake groups in the Riksmaten Adults (N = 1797) and Malmö Diet and Cancer Study (N = 12,238). The adjusted mean intakes and 95% confidence intervals (in brackets) are presented for the nonalcoholic energy intake (kcal/day), the macronutrient intakes, expressed as the percentage of nonalcoholic energy intake (%E) and the absolute intakes of micronutrients (mg/day or μg/day). The model was adjusted for confounders as follows: nonalcoholic energy intake was adjusted for age, sex and body mass index (BMI), macronutrient and micronutrient intakes were adjusted for age, sex, BMI and nonalcoholic energy intake