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Table 3 Risk of CVD events according to dietary intakes of saturated fats

From: The association between dietary fats and the incidence risk of cardiovascular outcomes: Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study

Saturated fats Tertile 1 Tertile 2 Tertile 3 P for trend
Total saturated fats  
Median intake (% of energy) 7.74 10.17 13.12  
Range (% of energy) 2.30–9.04 9.05–11.38 11.38–196.91  
CVD event (n) 93 62 43  
HR (95% CI) Crude Model 1.00 0.74 (0.53–1.03) 0.45 (0.30–0.66)  < 0.001
HR (95% CI) Model 1 1.00 0.89 (0.64–1.24) 0.68 (0.46–1.01) 0.061
HR (95% CI) Model 2 1.00 0.92 (0.63–1.34) 0.75 (0.45–1.23) 0.263
Lauric acid  
Median intake (% of energy) 0.19 0.31 0.47  
Range (% of energy) 0.02–0.25 0.25–0.37 0.37–4.53  
CVD event (n) 87 70 41  
HR (95% CI) Crude Model 1.00 0.94 (0.68–1.32) 0.54 (0.36–0.80)  < 0.001
HR (95% CI) Model 1 1.00 1.27 (0.90–1.78) 0.75 (0.51–1.11) 0.228
HR (95% CI) Model 2 1.00 1.31 (0.93–1.84) 0.79 (0.52–1.18) 0.377
Myristic acid  
Median intake (% of energy) 0.52 0.83 1.19  
Range (% of energy) 0.06–0.68 0.68–0.97 0.97–4.81  
CVD event (n) 85 71 42  
HR (95% CI) Crude Model 1.00 0.85 (0.61–1.20) 0.65 (0.45–0.94) 0.007
HR (95% CI) Model 1 1.00 1.09 (0.77–1.54) 0.85 (0.59–1.23) 0.452
HR (95% CI) Model 2 1.00 1.17 (0.83–1.67) 0.94 (0.63–1.40) 0.874
Palmitic acid  
Median intake (% of energy) 3.73 4.74 6.03  
Range (% of energy) 1.87–4.27 4.27–5.28 5.28–14.42  
CVD event (n) 77 68 53  
HR (95% CI) Crude Model 1.00 0.60 (0.42–0.87) 0.77 (0.55–1.09) 0.113
HR (95% CI) Model 1 1.00 0.81 (0.56–1.17) 0.96 (0.68–1.36) 0.786
HR (95% CI) Model 2 1.00 0.85 (0.57–1.26) 1.05 (0.71–1.54) 0.800
Stearic acid  
Median intake (% of energy) 1.51 1.96 2.49  
Range (% of energy) 0.67–1.74 1.74–2.19 2.19–6.69  
CVD event (n) 90 65 43  
HR (95% CI) Crude Model 1.00 0.61 (0.44–0.85) 0.45 (0.31–0.65)  < 0.001
HR (95% CI) Model 1 1.00 0.80 (0.57–1.12) 0.69 (0.48–1.01) 0.052
HR (95% CI) Model 2 1.00 0.79 (0.54–1.16) 0.70 (0.42–1.16) 0.150
  1. Data are hazard ratio (95% CI); proportional hazard Cox regression was used. HR, Hazard Ratio; CI, Confidence Interval; CVD, Cardio-vascular Disease
  2. Model 1 was adjusted for sex, waist circumference, body mass index, CVD score, hypertension and physical activity. Model 2 was additionally adjusted for total energy intake (kcal/d), total fat (g/d), total fiber (g/d), cholesterol (mg/d), tea and coffee intake (ml/d)