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Table 2 Baseline characteristics of overweight women in the meal replacement (MR) and control group (C), respectively

From: Effect of a conventional energy-restricted modified diet with or without meal replacement on weight loss and cardiometabolic risk profile in overweight women

  MR
(n = 43)
Mean ± SD
C
(n = 44)
Mean ± SD
MR vs C
P
Age (years) 49.8 ± 11.7 49.6 ± 11.0 0.776a
Weight (kg) 83.9 ± 8.8 84.1 ± 8.3 0.946a
Height (cm) 163.8 ± 5.9 164.0 ± 5.8 0.909a
BMI (kg/m2) 31.2 ± 2.3 31.2 ± 2.1 0.912a
BMI 27.0 - 29.9 kg/m2 (n) 14 (32.6%) 14 (31.8%) 0.941b
BMI 30.0 - 34.9 kg/m2 (n) 29 (67.4%) 30 (68.2%) 0.941b
WC (cm) 93.9 ± 7.2 94.9 ± 6.1 0.491a
WC 80 - 88 cm (n) 12 (27.9%) 7 (15.9%) 0.176b
WC > 88 cm (n) 31 (72.1%) 37 (84.1%) 0.176b
BP systolic (mmHg) 131.2 ± 17.4 128.0 ± 19.7 0.185a
BP systolic ≥ 130 mmHg (n) 27 (62.8%) 22 (50.0%) 0.229b
BP diastolic (mmHg) 80.8 ± 9.6 79.8 ± 9.0 0.321a
BP diastolic ≥ 85 mmHg (n) 16 (37.2%) 11 (25.0%) 0.218b
Heart rate (1/min) 76.6 ± 10.6 77.8 ± 10.8 0.792a
Heart rate > 70/min (n) 33 (76.7%) 34 (77.3%) 0.953b
Oral contraceptives (n) 5 (11.6%) 3 (6.8%) 0.438b
Smokers (n) 7 (16.3%) 9 (20.5%) 0.615b
  1. abbreviations used: BMI, body mass index; BP, blood pressure; WC, waist circumference
  2. aMann-Whitney-U-test
  3. bChi2-Test