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Open Access

Retraction Note: Alcohol consumption and hormonal alterations related to muscle hypertrophy: a review

  • Antonino Bianco1,
  • Ewan Thomas1,
  • Francesco Pomara2,
  • Garden Tabacchi3,
  • Bettina Karsten4,
  • Antonio Paoli5Email author and
  • Antonio Palma1
Nutrition & Metabolism201411:43

Received: 8 September 2014

Accepted: 8 September 2014

Published: 24 September 2014

The original article was published in Nutrition & Metabolism 2014 11:26


This article [1] has been retracted by the Editors due to extensive overlap with previously published work [2]. The Editors apologise for any inconvenience caused.


Authors’ Affiliations

Sport and Exercise Sciences Research Unit, University of Palermo, Palermo, Italy
MEDEOR Research Institute, Palermo, Italy
Department of Sciences for Health Promotion and Mother-Child Care “G. D’Alessandro”, University of Palermo, Palermo, Italy
Life and Sports Science, University of Greenwich, Chatham Maritime, UK
Department of Biomedical Sciences (DSB), University of Padova, Padova, Italy


  1. Bianco A, Thomas E, Pomara F, Tabacchi G, Karsten B, Paoli A, Palma A: Alcohol consumption and hormonal alterations related to muscle hypertrophy: a review. Nutrition & Metabolism. 2014, 11: 26-10.1186/1743-7075-11-26.View ArticleGoogle Scholar
  2. Alcohol - Scientific Review on Usage, Dosage, Side Effects. at


© Bianco et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2014

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly credited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver ( applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.