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  • Retraction Note
  • Open Access

Retraction Note: Alcohol consumption and hormonal alterations related to muscle hypertrophy: a review

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  • 1,
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Nutrition & Metabolism201411:43

  • Received: 8 September 2014
  • Accepted: 8 September 2014
  • Published:

The original article was published in Nutrition & Metabolism 2014 11:26


This article [1] has been retracted by the Editors due to extensive overlap with previously published work [2]. The Editors apologise for any inconvenience caused.


Authors’ Affiliations

Sport and Exercise Sciences Research Unit, University of Palermo, Via Eleonora Duse, 2, 90146 Palermo, Italy
MEDEOR Research Institute, Via Emilio Salgari, 69, 90147 Palermo, Italy
Department of Sciences for Health Promotion and Mother-Child Care “G. D’Alessandro”, University of Palermo, Via del Vespro 133, 90127 Palermo, Italy
Life and Sports Science, University of Greenwich, Central Avenue, ME4 4 TB Chatham Maritime, UK
Department of Biomedical Sciences (DSB), University of Padova, Via Marzolo 3, 35131 Padova, Italy


  1. Bianco A, Thomas E, Pomara F, Tabacchi G, Karsten B, Paoli A, Palma A: Alcohol consumption and hormonal alterations related to muscle hypertrophy: a review. Nutrition & Metabolism. 2014, 11: 26-10.1186/1743-7075-11-26.View ArticleGoogle Scholar
  2. Alcohol - Scientific Review on Usage, Dosage, Side Effects. at


© Bianco et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2014

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly credited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver ( applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.