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Nutrition & Metabolism

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  1. Content type: Research

    The hallmark of Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is hyperglycemia, although there are multiple other metabolic abnormalities that occur with T2D, including insulin resistance and dyslipidemia. To advance T2D prevention a...

    Authors: Amit Kumar, Joseph Shiloach, Michael J Betenbaugh and Emily J Gallagher

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2015 12:8

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  2. Content type: Research

    Dementia induced by β-amyloid accumulation impairs peripheral glucose homeostasis, but red pepper extract improves glucose homeostasis. We therefore evaluated whether long-term oral consumption of different re...

    Authors: Hye Jeong Yang, Dae Young Kwon, Min Jung Kim, Suna Kang, Na Rang Moon, James W Daily and Sunmin Park

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2015 12:9

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  3. Content type: Research

    Accumulative evidence in the literature suggests alcohol consumption is a protective factor of the metabolic syndrome (MS). However, few studies investigated the relationship between alcohol consumption and co...

    Authors: Jing Xiao, Jian-Ping Huang, Guang-Fei Xu, De-Xi Chen, Gui-Yun Wu, Min Zhang, Yi Shen and Hui Cai

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2015 12:5

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  4. Content type: Review

    This comprehensive review critically evaluates whether supposed health benefits propounded upon human consumption of conjugated linoleic acids (CLAs) are clinically proven or not. With a general introduction o...

    Authors: Sailas Benjamin, Priji Prakasan, Sajith Sreedharan, Andre-Denis G Wright and Friedrich Spener

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2015 12:4

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  5. Content type: Research

    Considering the suggested link between vitamin D insufficiency and several chronic diseases, attention should be given to approaches for improving vitamin D status. Elderly subjects are regarded as a high-risk...

    Authors: Alexandra Jungert and Monika Neuhäuser-Berthold

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2015 12:2

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  6. Content type: Research

    Adverse metabolic changes associated with loss of ovarian function increase the risk of developing metabolic syndrome and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in postmenopausal women. Naringenin improves ...

    Authors: Jia-Yu Ke, Kara L Kliewer, Essam M Hamad, Rachel M Cole, Kimerly A Powell, Rebecca R Andridge, Shana R Straka, Lisa D Yee and Martha A Belury

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2015 12:1

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  7. Content type: Research

    The aim of the present study was to examine the effects of onion as functional ingredient on the oxidative status, lipoprotein levels (total cholesterol-TC, HDL-C, LDL-C), triacylglycerides (TAG) and vascular ...

    Authors: Diana González-Peña, Javier Angulo, Susana Vallejo, Clara Colina-Coca, Begoña de Ancos, Carlos F Sánchez-Ferrer, Concepción Peiró and Concepción Sánchez-Moreno

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2014 11:57

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  8. Content type: Research

    African-Americans have higher HDL, less visceral adipose tissue (VAT) and lower triglyceride (TG) and apoCIII concentrations than whites, despite being more insulin-resistant. We studied in African-American an...

    Authors: Liyun Wang, Frank M Sacks, Jeremy D Furtado, Madia Ricks, Amber B Courville and Anne E Sumner

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2014 11:56

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  9. Content type: Research

    Hyperhomocysteinemia (HHcy) is an independent risk factor for liver diseases, such as fatty liver and hepatic fibrosis. However, the mechanisms underlying this pro-oxidative effect of homocysteine (Hcy) in hep...

    Authors: Xiaoqin Luo, Lei Xiao, Haixia Yang, Ruijuan Zhang, Manli Jiang, Jiahua Ni, Ting Lei and Nanping Wang

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2014 11:55

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  10. Content type: Research

    Members of the ALDH1 protein family, known as retinal dehydrogenases (RALDH), produce retinoic acid (RA), a metabolite of vitamin A, and may also oxidize other lipid aldehydes. Of three related ALDH1 genes, AL...

    Authors: Kyoko Ito, Reza Zolfaghari, Lei Hao and A Catharine Ross

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2014 11:54

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  11. Content type: Review

    Tocotrienols, members of the vitamin E family, are natural compounds found in a number of vegetable oils, wheat germ, barley, and certain types of nuts and grains. Like tocopherols, tocotrienols are also of fo...

    Authors: Haseeb Ahsan, Amjid Ahad, Jahangir Iqbal and Waseem A Siddiqui

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2014 11:52

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  12. Content type: Research

    Protein energy malnutrition is commonly associated with immune dysfunctions and is a major factor in susceptibility to infectious diseases.

    Authors: Karina Corware, Vanessa Yardley, Christopher Mack, Steffen Schuster, Hafid Al-Hassi, Shanthi Herath, Philip Bergin, Manuel Modolell, Markus Munder, Ingrid Müller and Pascale Kropf

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2014 11:51

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  13. Content type: Research

    A number of different pathways to obesity with different metabolic outcomes are recognised. Prenatal undernutrition in rats leads to increased fat deposition in adulthood. However, the form of obesity is metab...

    Authors: Nichola Thompson, Korinna Huber, Mirijam Bedürftig, Kathrin Hansen, Jennifer Miles-Chan and Bernhard H Breier

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2014 11:50

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  14. Content type: Research

    Lysine supplementation may have a positive influence on the regulation of glucose metabolism but it has not been tested in the geriatric population. Objective: We evaluated the impact of acute lysine supplemen...

    Authors: Il-Young Kim, Rick H Williams, Scott E Schutzler, Cosby J Lasley, Donald L Bodenner, Robert R Wolfe and Robert H Coker

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2014 11:49

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  15. Content type: Research

    The association between smoking and total energy expenditure (TEE) is still controversial. We examined this association in a multi-country study where TEE was measured in a subset of participants by the doubly...

    Authors: Semira Gonseth, Lara Dugas, Barathi Viswanathan, Terrence Forrester, Vicki Lambert, Jacob Plange-Rhule, Ramon Durazo-Arvizu, Amy Luke, Dale A Schoeller and Pascal Bovet

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2014 11:48

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  16. Content type: Research

    The diminished ability of aged muscle to self-repair is a factor behind sarcopenia and contributes to muscle atrophy. Muscle repair depends on satellite cells whose pool size is diminished with aging. A reduct...

    Authors: Carla Domingues-Faria, Audrey Chanet, Jérôme Salles, Alexandre Berry, Christophe Giraudet, Véronique Patrac, Philippe Denis, Katia Bouton, Nicolas Goncalves-Mendes, Marie-Paule Vasson, Yves Boirie and Stéphane Walrand

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2014 11:47

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  17. Content type: Research

    The mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway is the primary regulator of muscle protein synthesis. Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is characterized by central obesity and insulin resistance; little is known abou...

    Authors: Petra Gran, Amy E Larsen, Maxine Bonham, Aimee L Dordevic, Thusitha Rupasinghe, Claudio Silva, Amsha Nahid, Dedreia Tull, Andrew J Sinclair, Cameron J Mitchell and David Cameron-Smith

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2014 11:46

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  18. Content type: Research

    Previously, we reported that vitamin A-enriched diet (129 mg/kg diet) intake reduces the adiposity development in obese rats of WNIN/Ob strain. Here, we hypothesize that dose lesser than 129 mg of vitamin A/kg...

    Authors: Anamthathmakula Prashanth, Shanmugam M Jeyakumar, Lodhu Singotamu, Nemani Harishankar, Nappan V Giridharan and Ayyalasomayajula Vajreswari

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2014 11:45

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  19. Content type: Research

    Recent data suggest that an increased level of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) is not causally protective against heart disease, shifting focus to other sub-phenotypes of HDL. Prior work on the ef...

    Authors: Daniel Seung Kim, Amber A Burt, Jane E Ranchalis, Leah E Jarvik, Jason F Eintracht, Clement E Furlong and Gail P Jarvik

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2014 11:44

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  20. Content type: Research

    Ingesting Yerba Maté (YM) has become widely popular for health promotion, obesity prevention and body weight reduction, primarily due its thermogenic effectiveness. However, the YM effects on fat metabolism du...

    Authors: Ahmad Alkhatib

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2014 11:42

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  21. Content type: Research

    Imidazoline I3 receptors (I-3R) can regulate insulin secretion in pancreatic β-cells. It has been indicated that allantoin ameliorates hyperglycemia by activating imidazoline I2 receptors (I-2R). Thus, the effect...

    Authors: Cheng-Chia Tsai, Li-Jen Chen, Ho-Shan Niu, Kun-Ming Chung, Juei-Tang Cheng and Kao-Chang Lin

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2014 11:41

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  22. Content type: Research

    Fasting is a rigorous type of dietary restriction that is associate with a number of health benefits. During fasting, ketone bodies significantly increase in blood and become major body fuels, thereby sparing ...

    Authors: Shigeru Nakamura, Ryuji Hisamura, Sachiko Shimoda, Izumi Shibuya and Kazuo Tsubota

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2014 11:40

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