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  1. Despite increasing research and clinical significance, limited information is available on how the visceral and subcutaneous adipose tissue (VAT and SAT) compartments develop during growth and maturation and t...

    Authors: Wei Shen, Mark Punyanitya, Analiza M Silva, Jun Chen, Dympna Gallagher, Luís B Sardinha, David B Allison and Steven B Heymsfield
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2009 6:17
  2. The metabolic syndrome may have its origins in thriftiness, insulin resistance and one of the most ancient of all signalling systems, redox. Thriftiness results from an evolutionarily-driven propensity to mini...

    Authors: Alistair VW Nunn, Jimmy D Bell and Geoffrey W Guy
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2009 6:16
  3. In the literature, supplement of soy aglycons of isoflavone as estrogen agonists in improvement of serum biochemical attributes, liver antioxidative capacities and vaginal epithelium protection has been meager...

    Authors: Tu-Fa Lien, Yu-Lin Hsu, Dan-Yuan Lo and Robin YY Chiou
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2009 6:15
  4. Previous work showed that the functional cardiac effect of dietary alpha-linolenic acid (ALA) in rats requires a long feeding period (6 months), although a docosahexaenoic (DHA) acid-supply affects cardiac adr...

    Authors: Amandine Brochot, Marine Guinot, Daniel Auchere, Jean-Paul Macaire, Pierre Weill, Alain Grynberg and Delphine Rousseau-Ralliard
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2009 6:14
  5. Endothelial dysfunction (ED) is an independent predictor of cardiovascular events. ED is also a reversible disorder, and nitric oxide donors like L-arginine may promote this process. Despite the positive resul...

    Authors: Shaghayegh Haghjooy Javanmard, Mehdi Nematbakhsh and Mohammad Hosein Sanei
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2009 6:13
  6. We investigated in rats the effects of feeding different forms of high amylose maize starches (HAMS) rich in resistant starch (RS) to understand what the implications of RS heterogeneity might be for colonic b...

    Authors: Richard K Le Leu, Ying Hu, Ian L Brown and Graeme P Young
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2009 6:11
  7. Correction to Levitt DG, Heymsfield SB, Pierson Jr RN, Shapses SA, Kral JG: Physiological models of body composition and human obesity. Nutrition & Metabolism 2007, 4:19

    Authors: David G Levitt, Steven B Heymsfield, Richard N Pierson Jr, Sue A Shapses and John G Kral
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2009 6:7

    The original article was published in Nutrition & Metabolism 2007 4:19

  8. While chronic β-Hydroxy β-Methylbutyrate (HMB) supplementation (≥ 2 wk) lowers exercise induced muscle damage, its acute or timing effects have not been examined. The purpose of this study was to investigate t...

    Authors: Jacob M Wilson, Jeong-su Kim, Sang-rok Lee, John A Rathmacher, Brett Dalmau, J Derek Kingsley, Heather Koch, Anssi H Manninen, Raz Saadat and Lynn B Panton
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2009 6:6
  9. A dramatic rise in the incidence of obesity in the U.S. has accelerated the search for interventions that may impact this epidemic. One recently recognized target for such intervention is adipose tissue, which...

    Authors: Patrick Wortman, Yuko Miyazaki, Nishan S Kalupahana, Suyeon Kim, Melissa Hansen-Petrik, Arnold M Saxton, Kate J Claycombe, Brynn H Voy, Jay Whelan and Naima Moustaid-Moussa
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2009 6:5
  10. Acute alcohol (EtOH) intoxication decreases muscle protein synthesis via inhibition of mTOR-dependent translation initiation. However, these studies have been performed in relatively young rapidly growing rats...

    Authors: Charles H Lang, Anne M Pruznak, Gerald J Nystrom and Thomas C Vary
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2009 6:4
  11. Leptin is known to play a role in food intake regulation. The aim of this study was to investigate the relation between serum leptin concentrations and dietary patterns and demographic, lifestyle, and health f...

    Authors: Vijay Ganji, Mohammad R Kafai and Erin McCarthy
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2009 6:3
  12. To investigate histopathological and biochemical effects of green tea and/or licorice aqueous extracts in thyroid functions in male albino rats intoxicated with Dimethylnitrosamine.

    Authors: A Abd El Mgeed, M Bstawi, U Mohamed and M Abdel Gabbar
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2009 6:2
  13. It has become commonplace for Randomized Controlled Trials (RCTs) to be analyzed according to Intention-to-Treat (ITT) principles in which data from all subjects are used regardless of the subjects' adherence ...

    Authors: Richard D Feinman
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2009 6:1
  14. Dietary carbohydrate is the major determinant of postprandial glucose levels, and several clinical studies have shown that low-carbohydrate diets improve glycemic control. In this study, we tested the hypothes...

    Authors: Eric C Westman, William S Yancy Jr, John C Mavropoulos, Megan Marquart and Jennifer R McDuffie
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2008 5:36
  15. There is increasing evidence for a role of dopamine in the development of obesity. More specifically, dopaminergic hypofunction might lead to (over)compensatory food intake. Overeating and resulting weight gai...

    Authors: Julia Reinholz, Oliver Skopp, Caterina Breitenstein, Iwo Bohr, Hilke Winterhoff and Stefan Knecht
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2008 5:35
  16. Although there is considerable evidence for a loss of bone mass with weight loss, the few human studies on the relationship between weight cycling and bone mass or density have differing results. Further, very...

    Authors: John D Bogden, Francis W Kemp, Abigail E Huang, Sue A Shapses, Hasina Ambia-Sobhan, Sugeet Jagpal, Ian L Brown and Anne M Birkett
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2008 5:34
  17. Astrocytomas are largely dependent on glycolysis to satisfy their bioenergetic requirements for growth and survival. Therapies that target glycolysis can potentially manage astrocytoma growth and progression. ...

    Authors: Jeremy Marsh, Purna Mukherjee and Thomas N Seyfried
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2008 5:33
  18. Until now no technology has been available to study energy metabolism in monkeys. The objective of this study was to determine daily energy expenditures (EE) and respiratory quotients (RQ) in female monkeys of...

    Authors: Russell Rising, Maxim Signaevsky, Leonard A Rosenblum, John G Kral and Fima Lifshitz
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2008 5:32
  19. High dietary intake of selenium or isoflavones reduces risk factors for prostate cancer. We tested whether combined supplementation of these two dietary components would reduce prostate cancer risk factors in ...

    Authors: Jessica R Tolman, Edwin D Lephart, Kenneth DR Setchell, Dennis L Eggett and Merrill J Christensen
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2008 5:31
  20. To evaluate the metabolic effects of two weight loss diets differing in macronutrient composition on features of dyslipidemia and post-prandial insulin (INS) response to a meal challenge in overweight/obese in...

    Authors: Denise A Walker Lasker, Ellen M Evans and Donald K Layman
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2008 5:30
  21. As the worldwide dietary pattern becomes more westernized, the metabolic syndrome is reaching epidemic proportions. Lifestyle modifications including diet and exercise are recommended as first-line interventio...

    Authors: Robert H Lerman, Deanna M Minich, Gary Darland, Joseph J Lamb, Barbara Schiltz, John G Babish, Jeffrey S Bland and Matthew L Tripp
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2008 5:29
  22. To compare the effects of low versus recommended levels of dairy intake on weight maintenance and body composition subsequent to weight loss.

    Authors: Michael B Zemel, Joseph E Donnelly, Bryan K Smith, Debra K Sullivan, Joanna Richards, Danielle Morgan-Hanusa, Matthew S Mayo, Xiaocun Sun, Galen Cook-Wiens, Bruce W Bailey, Emily L Van Walleghen and Richard A Washburn
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2008 5:28
  23. The offspring and grandoffspring of female rats fed low protein diets during pregnancy and lactation, but fed nutritionally adequate diets thereafter, have been shown to exhibit altered insulin sensitivity in ...

    Authors: Daniel C Benyshek, Carol S Johnston, John F Martin and William D Ross
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2008 5:26
  24. Macronutrient composition of diets can influence energy balance in humans. We tested the hypothesis whether low protein content in single meals may induce lower values of energy expenditure (EE) and fat oxidat...

    Authors: Klaus J Petzke and Susanne Klaus
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2008 5:25
  25. Body volume expands with the positive energy balance associated with the development of adult human obesity and this "growth" is captured by two widely used clinical metrics, waist circumference and body mass ...

    Authors: Steven B Heymsfield, Allison Martin-Nguyen, Tung M Fong, Dympna Gallagher and Angelo Pietrobelli
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2008 5:24
  26. The alarming rise in the obesity epidemic and growing concern for the pathologic consequences of the metabolic syndrome warrant great need for development of obesity-related pharmacotherapeutics. The search fo...

    Authors: Kevin S Jones, Alexander P Alimov, Horacio L Rilo, Ronald J Jandacek, Laura A Woollett and W Todd Penberthy
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2008 5:23
  27. Animal and cell culture data suggest a critical role for Munc18c and Syntaxin 4 proteins in insulin mediated glucose transport in skeletal muscle, but no studies have been published in humans.

    Authors: Bryan C Bergman, Marc-Andre Cornier, Tracy J Horton, Daniel H Bessesen and Robert H Eckel
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2008 5:21
  28. It is increasingly recognized that infectious complications in patients treated with total parenteral nutrition (TPN) may be caused by altered immune responses. Neutrophils and monocytes are the first line of ...

    Authors: Björn Jüttner, Janina Kröplin, Sina M Coldewey, Lars Witt, Wilhelm A Osthaus, Christian Weilbach and Dirk Scheinichen
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2008 5:19
  29. Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) is a mixture of positional and geometric isomers of octadecadienoic acid [linoleic acid (LA), 18:2n-6]. Although ruminant milk and meat products represent the largest natural sou...

    Authors: Hyun-Seuk Moon, Hong-Gu Lee, Chung-Soo Chung, Yun-Jaie Choi and Chong-Su Cho
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2008 5:16
  30. The aim of this study is to determine the S100B concentration in colostrums of 51 Burkinabe and 30 Sicilian women, still living in their countries, and in case of a difference to search for its explanations, c...

    Authors: Maria Musumeci, Pasqua Betta, Emanuela Magro, Teresa Isaia, Jacques Simpore, Domenico MM Romeo and Salvatore Musumeci
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2008 5:15
  31. Low-carbohydrate diets, due to their potent antihyperglycemic effect, are an intuitively attractive approach to the management of obese patients with type 2 diabetes. We previously reported that a 20% carbohyd...

    Authors: Jörgen V Nielsen and Eva A Joensson
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2008 5:14
  32. Lifestyle, genetics and environmental factors are established determinants of bone density. We aimed to describe the bone characteristics of competitive top-ranked Nigerian male athletes using calcaneal ultras...

    Authors: Emmanuel P Laabes, Dorothy J VanderJagt, Michael O Obadofin, Ayuba J Sendeht and Robert H Glew
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2008 5:13
  33. Exercise and high-protein/reduced-carbohydrate and -fat diets have each been shown separately, or in combination with an energy-restricted diet to improve body composition and health in sedentary, overweight (...

    Authors: Christopher M Lockwood, Jordan R Moon, Sarah E Tobkin, Ashley A Walter, Abbie E Smith, Vincent J Dalbo, Joel T Cramer and Jeffrey R Stout
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2008 5:11
  34. Current nutritional approaches to metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes generally rely on reductions in dietary fat. The success of such approaches has been limited and therapy more generally relies on pharma...

    Authors: Anthony Accurso, Richard K Bernstein, Annika Dahlqvist, Boris Draznin, Richard D Feinman, Eugene J Fine, Amy Gleed, David B Jacobs, Gabriel Larson, Robert H Lustig, Anssi H Manninen, Samy I McFarlane, Katharine Morrison, Jørgen Vesti Nielsen, Uffe Ravnskov, Karl S Roth…
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2008 5:9
  35. This study evaluated a specialized whey fraction (Prolibra™, high in leucine, bioactive peptides and milk calcium) for use as a dietary supplement to enhance weight loss.

    Authors: Joy L Frestedt, John L Zenk, Michael A Kuskowski, Loren S Ward and Eric D Bastian
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2008 5:8
  36. Total body water (TBW) estimations have been used to estimate body composition, particularly fat-free mass, to aid in nutritional interventions, and to monitor hydration status. In the past, bioimpedance spect...

    Authors: Jordan R Moon, Sarah E Tobkin, Michael D Roberts, Vincent J Dalbo, Chad M Kerksick, Michael G Bemben, Joel T Cramer and Jeffrey R Stout
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2008 5:7
  37. Carbohydrate restricted diets (CRD) consistently lower glucose and insulin levels and improve atherogenic dyslipidemia [decreasing triglycerides and increasing HDL cholesterol (HDL-C)]. We have previously show...

    Authors: Joseph C Ratliff, Gisella Mutungi, Michael J Puglisi, Jeff S Volek and Maria Luz Fernandez
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2008 5:6
  38. Intravenous infusions of glucose and amino acids increase both nitrogen balance and muscle accretion. We hypothesised that co-infusion of glucose (to stimulate insulin) and essential amino acids (EAA) would ac...

    Authors: Fouzia Sadiq, Leslie A Crompton, Jes R Scaife and Michael A Lomax
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2008 5:5
  39. Genetic factors that predict responses to diet may ultimately be used to individualize dietary recommendations. We used physiogenomics to explore associations among polymorphisms in candidate genes and changes...

    Authors: Richard L Seip, Jeff S Volek, Andreas Windemuth, Mohan Kocherla, Maria Luz Fernandez, William J Kraemer and Gualberto Ruaño
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2008 5:4

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