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  1. Dietary potassium supplementation in hypertensive rats is cardioprotective. This protection includes a blood pressure independent reduction in the amount of damage caused by cerebral ischemia. Therefore, we hy...

    Authors: Christine' S Rigsby, David M Pollock and Anne M Dorrance
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2008 5:3
  2. Consumption of a mixed meal increases postprandial carbohydrate utilization and decreases fat oxidation. On the other hand, acute endurance exercise increases fat oxidation and decreases carbohydrate utilizati...

    Authors: Wiley Long III, Katherine Wells, Virginia Englert, Stacy Schmidt, Matthew S Hickey and Christopher L Melby
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2008 5:2
  3. The leucine metabolite beta-hydroxy-beta-methylbutyrate (HMB) has been extensively used as an ergogenic aid; particularly among bodybuilders and strength/power athletes, who use it to promote exercise performa...

    Authors: Gabriel J Wilson, Jacob M Wilson and Anssi H Manninen
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2008 5:1
  4. The metabolic syndrome (MetS), in addition to its lipid, metabolic, and anthropomorphic characteristics, is associated with a prothrombotic and the proinflammatory state. However, the relationship of inflammat...

    Authors: Aldi T Kraja, Michael A Province, Donna Arnett, Lynne Wagenknecht, Weihong Tang, Paul N Hopkins, Luc Djoussé and Ingrid B Borecki
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2007 4:28
  5. Bio F1B hamster is an inbred hybrid strain that is highly susceptible to diet-induced atherosclerosis. We previously reported that feeding a high fat fish oil diet to Bio F1B hamster caused severe hyperlipidaemia...

    Authors: Sukhinder Kaur Cheema and Marion L Cornish
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2007 4:27
  6. Current methodology of gene expression analysis limits the possibilities of comparison between cells/tissues of organs in which cell size and/or number changes as a consequence of the study (e.g. starvation). ...

    Authors: Maria del Mar Romero, Maria del Mar Grasa, Montserrat Esteve, José Antonio Fernández-López and Marià Alemany
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2007 4:26
  7. Sulfur, after calcium and phosphorus, is the most abundant mineral element found in our body. It is available to us in our diets, derived almost exclusively from proteins, and yet only 2 of the 20 amino acids ...

    Authors: Marcel E Nimni, Bo Han and Fabiola Cordoba
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2007 4:24
  8. Low carbohydrate diets (LCDs) have been demonstrated to be effective tools for promoting weight loss and an improved plasma lipid profile. Such diets are often associated with increased meat consumption, eithe...

    Authors: Bridget A Cassady, Nicole L Charboneau, Emily E Brys, Kristin A Crouse, Donald C Beitz and Ted Wilson
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2007 4:23
  9. Intrauterine growth retardation due to maternal under-nutrition increases susceptibility to obesity and insulin resistance. We reported earlier in the offspring of mineral or vitamin restricted rat dams, a hig...

    Authors: Venu Lagishetty, Vijaya Bhanu Nandiwada, Rajender Rao Kalashikam and Raghunath Manchala
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2007 4:21
  10. Meeting patients' nutritional requirements and preventing malnutrition is a challenge following major surgical procedures. The role of ghrelin in nutritional recovery after non-gastrointestinal major surgery i...

    Authors: Mohsen Nematy, Audrey E Brynes, Philip I Hornick, Michael Patterson, Mohammad A Ghatei, Stephen R Bloom, Stephen J Brett and Gary S Frost
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2007 4:20
  11. The body mass index (BMI) is the standard parameter for predicting body fat fraction and for classifying degrees of obesity. Currently available regression equations between BMI and fat are based on 2 or 3 par...

    Authors: David G Levitt, Steven B Heymsfield, Richard N Pierson Jr., Sue A Shapses and John G Kral
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2007 4:19
  12. To determine the influence of menstrual irregularity, oral contraceptive use and other factors on bone mineral density (BMD) and bone size at different skeletal sites in 135 college-aged fit women.

    Authors: Jamie A Ruffing, Jeri W Nieves, Marsha Zion, Susan Tendy, Patricia Garrett, Robert Lindsay and Felicia Cosman
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2007 4:17
  13. Most studies on lipid lowering diets have focused on the total content of saturated, polyunsaturated and monounsaturated fatty acids. However, the distribution of these fatty acids on the triacylglycerol (TAG)...

    Authors: Tilakavati Karupaiah and Kalyana Sundram
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2007 4:16
  14. Vascular dysfunction can develop from consumption of an energy-rich diet, even prior to the onset of obesity. However, the roles played by different dietary components remain uncertain. While attempting to dev...

    Authors: Sameer Fatani, Lucy C Pickavance, Claire J Sadler, Joanne A Harrold, Roslyn Cassidy, John PH Wilding and Ebrahim K Naderali
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2007 4:15
  15. The frequency of Japanese subjects over 20 years old with metabolic syndrome is 45.6% in men but just 16.7% in women. The reason why Japanese male subjects are more susceptible to metabolic syndrome than women...

    Authors: Kyoko Miyasaka, Setsuko Kanai, Minoru Ohta, Ayako Sekime, Saeko Akimoto, Soichi Takiguchi and Akihiro Funakoshi
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2007 4:14
  16. Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a disease with multiple risk factors, many of which appear to involve oxidative stress. Macular pigment, with its antioxidant and light-screening properties, is though...

    Authors: Richard A Bone, John T Landrum, Yisi Cao, Alan N Howard and Francesca Alvarez-Calderon
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2007 4:12
  17. We evaluated plasma ASP and its precursor C3 in type 2 diabetic men with/without rosiglitazone (ROSI) treatment compared to healthy non-obese men. We tested (1) whether plasma ASP or C3 are altered postprandia...

    Authors: Youssef Tahiri, Fredrik Karpe, Garry D Tan and Katherine Cianflone
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2007 4:11
  18. Consumption of trans fats is associated with an increase of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. To comply with regulatory policies and public health authorities recommendations, trans fats should be replaced in fo...

    Authors: Frédéric Destaillats, Julie Moulin and Jean-Baptiste Bezelgues
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2007 4:10
  19. Insulin resistance is often associated with increased levels of intracellular triglycerides, diacylglycerol and decreased fat β-oxidation. It was unknown if this relationship was present in patients with acute...

    Authors: Melanie G Cree, Bradley R Newcomer, David N Herndon, Ting Qian, Dayoung Sun, Beatrice Morio, Jennifer J Zwetsloot, G Lynis Dohm, Ricki Y Fram, Ronald P Mlcak, Asle Aarsland and Robert R Wolfe
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2007 4:9
  20. To determine the importance of IgM antibodies against phosphorylcholine (aPC), a novel protective factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD), in a population with a non-western life style as compared with a Swedi...

    Authors: Johan Frostegård, WenJing Tao, Anastasia Georgiades, Lennart Råstam, Ulf Lindblad and Staffan Lindeberg
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2007 4:7
  21. Malignant brain cancer persists as a major disease of morbidity and mortality in adults and is the second leading cause of cancer death in children. Many current therapies for malignant brain tumors fail to pr...

    Authors: Weihua Zhou, Purna Mukherjee, Michael A Kiebish, William T Markis, John G Mantis and Thomas N Seyfried
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2007 4:5
  22. Understanding of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is hampered by the lack of a suitable model. Our aim was to investigate whether long term high saturated-fat feeding would induce NASH in rats.

    Authors: Caroline Romestaing, Marie-Astrid Piquet, Elodie Bedu, Vincent Rouleau, Marianne Dautresme, Isabelle Hourmand-Ollivier, Céline Filippi, Claude Duchamp and Brigitte Sibille
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2007 4:4
  23. Dietary trans-rich and interesterified fats were compared to an unmodified saturated fat for their relative impact on blood lipids and plasma glucose. Each fat had melting characteristics, plasticity and solids f...

    Authors: Kalyana Sundram, Tilakavati Karupaiah and KC Hayes
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2007 4:3
  24. Surgery, commonly performed after an overnight fast, causes a postoperative decline in the anabolic and glucose lowering insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1). Clinical fasting studies have exhibited a positive...

    Authors: Mats KEB Wallin, Eva Selldén, Staffan Eksborg and Kerstin Brismar
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2007 4:2
  25. Dietary calcium intake and the renin angiotensin system (RAS) regulate blood pressure (BP) by modulating calcium homeostasis. Despite similar BP regulatory effects, the influence of dietary calcium intake alon...

    Authors: Linda S Pescatello, Debbie Turner, Nancy Rodriguez, Bruce E Blanchard, Gregory J Tsongalis, Carl M Maresh, Valerie Duffy and Paul D Thompson
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2007 4:1
  26. We report longitudinal changes in the metabolic syndrome (MetS) in 2,458 participants from 480 families in the Family Heart Study. Participants were examined between 1994–96 (FHS-T1) and 2002–03 (FHS-T2), abou...

    Authors: Aldi T Kraja, Ingrid B Borecki, Kari North, Weihong Tang, Richard H Myers, Paul N Hopkins, Donna Arnett, Jonathan Corbett, Avril Adelman and Michael A Province
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2006 3:41
  27. A Paleolithic diet has been suggested to be more in concordance with human evolutionary legacy than a cereal based diet. This might explain the lower incidence among hunter-gatherers of diseases of affluence s...

    Authors: Tommy Jönsson, Bo Ahrén, Giovanni Pacini, Frank Sundler, Nils Wierup, Stig Steen, Trygve Sjöberg, Martin Ugander, Johan Frostegård, Leif Göransson and Staffan Lindeberg
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2006 3:39
  28. There has been intense interest in defining the functions of UCP2 and UCP3 during the nine years since the cloning of these UCP1 homologues. Current data suggest that both UCP2 and UCP3 proteins share some fea...

    Authors: Janis S Fisler and Craig H Warden
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2006 3:38
  29. We have reported arginine-sensitive regulation of LAT1 amino acid transporter (SLC 7A5) in normal rodent hepatic cells with loss of arginine sensitivity and high level constitutive expression in tumor cells. W...

    Authors: Hwei Xian Leong, Carl Simkevich, Anne Lesieur-Brooks, Bonnie W Lau, Celine Fugere, Edmond Sabo and Nancy L Thompson
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2006 3:37
  30. Anti-epileptic medications encompass a wide range of drugs including anticonvulsants, benzodiazepines, enzyme inducers or inhibitors, with a variety effects, including induction of cytochrome P450 and other en...

    Authors: Helen A Valsamis, Surender K Arora, Barbara Labban and Samy I McFarlane
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2006 3:36
  31. Vitamin C is a cofactor in the biosynthesis of carnitine, a molecule required for the oxidation of fatty acids. A reduction in the ability to oxidize fat may contribute to the reported inverse relationship bet...

    Authors: Carol S Johnston, Corinne Corte and Pamela D Swan
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2006 3:35
  32. Serum leptin variation is commonly associated with fat percentage (%), body mass index (BMI), and activity. In this investigation, we report population differences in mean leptin levels in healthy men as well ...

    Authors: Richard G Bribiescas and Matthew S Hickey
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2006 3:34
  33. Glycemic load (GL) is used to quantify the glycemic impact of high-carbohydrate (CHO) foods, but cannot be used for low-CHO foods. Therefore, we evaluated the accuracy of equivalent-glycemic-load (EGL), a meas...

    Authors: Thomas MS Wolever, Alison L Gibbs, Matt Spolar, Elinor V Hitchner and Colette Heimowitz
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2006 3:33
  34. To compare the accuracy of air displacement plethysmography (ADP) and dual energy x-ray absorptionmetry (DXA) in tracking changes in body composition after a 16 month weight loss intervention in overweight and...

    Authors: Cláudia S Minderico, Analiza M Silva, Pedro J Teixeira, Luis B Sardinha, Holly R Hull and David A Fields
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2006 3:32
  35. Obesity is one of the principal causative factors involved in the development of metabolic syndrome. AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) is an energy sensor that regulates cellular metabolism. The role of AMP-...

    Authors: Shailendra Giri, Ramandeep Rattan, Ehtishamul Haq, Mushfiquddin Khan, Rifat Yasmin, Je-song Won, Lyndon Key, Avtar K Singh and Inderjit Singh
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2006 3:31
  36. An adverse hematological interaction between vitamins E and K has been reported, primarily in patients on anticoagulants. However, little is known regarding circulating levels or tissue concentrations of vitam...

    Authors: Alison Tovar, Clement K Ameho, Jeffrey B Blumberg, James W Peterson, Donald Smith and Sarah L Booth
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2006 3:29
  37. Resistin is secreted from adipocytes, and high circulating levels have been associated with obesity and insulin resistance. To investigate whether resistin could exert autocrine effects in adipocytes, we expre...

    Authors: Yuchang Fu, Liehong Luo, Nanlan Luo and W Timothy Garvey
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2006 3:28

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