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  1. Astrocytomas are largely dependent on glycolysis to satisfy their bioenergetic requirements for growth and survival. Therapies that target glycolysis can potentially manage astrocytoma growth and progression. ...

    Authors: Jeremy Marsh, Purna Mukherjee and Thomas N Seyfried
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2008 5:33
  2. Until now no technology has been available to study energy metabolism in monkeys. The objective of this study was to determine daily energy expenditures (EE) and respiratory quotients (RQ) in female monkeys of...

    Authors: Russell Rising, Maxim Signaevsky, Leonard A Rosenblum, John G Kral and Fima Lifshitz
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2008 5:32
  3. High dietary intake of selenium or isoflavones reduces risk factors for prostate cancer. We tested whether combined supplementation of these two dietary components would reduce prostate cancer risk factors in ...

    Authors: Jessica R Tolman, Edwin D Lephart, Kenneth DR Setchell, Dennis L Eggett and Merrill J Christensen
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2008 5:31
  4. To evaluate the metabolic effects of two weight loss diets differing in macronutrient composition on features of dyslipidemia and post-prandial insulin (INS) response to a meal challenge in overweight/obese in...

    Authors: Denise A Walker Lasker, Ellen M Evans and Donald K Layman
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2008 5:30
  5. As the worldwide dietary pattern becomes more westernized, the metabolic syndrome is reaching epidemic proportions. Lifestyle modifications including diet and exercise are recommended as first-line interventio...

    Authors: Robert H Lerman, Deanna M Minich, Gary Darland, Joseph J Lamb, Barbara Schiltz, John G Babish, Jeffrey S Bland and Matthew L Tripp
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2008 5:29
  6. To compare the effects of low versus recommended levels of dairy intake on weight maintenance and body composition subsequent to weight loss.

    Authors: Michael B Zemel, Joseph E Donnelly, Bryan K Smith, Debra K Sullivan, Joanna Richards, Danielle Morgan-Hanusa, Matthew S Mayo, Xiaocun Sun, Galen Cook-Wiens, Bruce W Bailey, Emily L Van Walleghen and Richard A Washburn
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2008 5:28
  7. The offspring and grandoffspring of female rats fed low protein diets during pregnancy and lactation, but fed nutritionally adequate diets thereafter, have been shown to exhibit altered insulin sensitivity in ...

    Authors: Daniel C Benyshek, Carol S Johnston, John F Martin and William D Ross
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2008 5:26
  8. Macronutrient composition of diets can influence energy balance in humans. We tested the hypothesis whether low protein content in single meals may induce lower values of energy expenditure (EE) and fat oxidat...

    Authors: Klaus J Petzke and Susanne Klaus
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2008 5:25
  9. Body volume expands with the positive energy balance associated with the development of adult human obesity and this "growth" is captured by two widely used clinical metrics, waist circumference and body mass ...

    Authors: Steven B Heymsfield, Allison Martin-Nguyen, Tung M Fong, Dympna Gallagher and Angelo Pietrobelli
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2008 5:24
  10. The alarming rise in the obesity epidemic and growing concern for the pathologic consequences of the metabolic syndrome warrant great need for development of obesity-related pharmacotherapeutics. The search fo...

    Authors: Kevin S Jones, Alexander P Alimov, Horacio L Rilo, Ronald J Jandacek, Laura A Woollett and W Todd Penberthy
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2008 5:23
  11. Animal and cell culture data suggest a critical role for Munc18c and Syntaxin 4 proteins in insulin mediated glucose transport in skeletal muscle, but no studies have been published in humans.

    Authors: Bryan C Bergman, Marc-Andre Cornier, Tracy J Horton, Daniel H Bessesen and Robert H Eckel
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2008 5:21
  12. It is increasingly recognized that infectious complications in patients treated with total parenteral nutrition (TPN) may be caused by altered immune responses. Neutrophils and monocytes are the first line of ...

    Authors: Björn Jüttner, Janina Kröplin, Sina M Coldewey, Lars Witt, Wilhelm A Osthaus, Christian Weilbach and Dirk Scheinichen
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2008 5:19
  13. Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) is a mixture of positional and geometric isomers of octadecadienoic acid [linoleic acid (LA), 18:2n-6]. Although ruminant milk and meat products represent the largest natural sou...

    Authors: Hyun-Seuk Moon, Hong-Gu Lee, Chung-Soo Chung, Yun-Jaie Choi and Chong-Su Cho
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2008 5:16
  14. The aim of this study is to determine the S100B concentration in colostrums of 51 Burkinabe and 30 Sicilian women, still living in their countries, and in case of a difference to search for its explanations, c...

    Authors: Maria Musumeci, Pasqua Betta, Emanuela Magro, Teresa Isaia, Jacques Simpore, Domenico MM Romeo and Salvatore Musumeci
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2008 5:15
  15. Low-carbohydrate diets, due to their potent antihyperglycemic effect, are an intuitively attractive approach to the management of obese patients with type 2 diabetes. We previously reported that a 20% carbohyd...

    Authors: Jörgen V Nielsen and Eva A Joensson
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2008 5:14
  16. Lifestyle, genetics and environmental factors are established determinants of bone density. We aimed to describe the bone characteristics of competitive top-ranked Nigerian male athletes using calcaneal ultras...

    Authors: Emmanuel P Laabes, Dorothy J VanderJagt, Michael O Obadofin, Ayuba J Sendeht and Robert H Glew
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2008 5:13
  17. Exercise and high-protein/reduced-carbohydrate and -fat diets have each been shown separately, or in combination with an energy-restricted diet to improve body composition and health in sedentary, overweight (...

    Authors: Christopher M Lockwood, Jordan R Moon, Sarah E Tobkin, Ashley A Walter, Abbie E Smith, Vincent J Dalbo, Joel T Cramer and Jeffrey R Stout
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2008 5:11
  18. Current nutritional approaches to metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes generally rely on reductions in dietary fat. The success of such approaches has been limited and therapy more generally relies on pharma...

    Authors: Anthony Accurso, Richard K Bernstein, Annika Dahlqvist, Boris Draznin, Richard D Feinman, Eugene J Fine, Amy Gleed, David B Jacobs, Gabriel Larson, Robert H Lustig, Anssi H Manninen, Samy I McFarlane, Katharine Morrison, Jørgen Vesti Nielsen, Uffe Ravnskov, Karl S Roth…
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2008 5:9
  19. This study evaluated a specialized whey fraction (Prolibra™, high in leucine, bioactive peptides and milk calcium) for use as a dietary supplement to enhance weight loss.

    Authors: Joy L Frestedt, John L Zenk, Michael A Kuskowski, Loren S Ward and Eric D Bastian
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2008 5:8
  20. Total body water (TBW) estimations have been used to estimate body composition, particularly fat-free mass, to aid in nutritional interventions, and to monitor hydration status. In the past, bioimpedance spect...

    Authors: Jordan R Moon, Sarah E Tobkin, Michael D Roberts, Vincent J Dalbo, Chad M Kerksick, Michael G Bemben, Joel T Cramer and Jeffrey R Stout
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2008 5:7
  21. Carbohydrate restricted diets (CRD) consistently lower glucose and insulin levels and improve atherogenic dyslipidemia [decreasing triglycerides and increasing HDL cholesterol (HDL-C)]. We have previously show...

    Authors: Joseph C Ratliff, Gisella Mutungi, Michael J Puglisi, Jeff S Volek and Maria Luz Fernandez
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2008 5:6
  22. Intravenous infusions of glucose and amino acids increase both nitrogen balance and muscle accretion. We hypothesised that co-infusion of glucose (to stimulate insulin) and essential amino acids (EAA) would ac...

    Authors: Fouzia Sadiq, Leslie A Crompton, Jes R Scaife and Michael A Lomax
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2008 5:5
  23. Genetic factors that predict responses to diet may ultimately be used to individualize dietary recommendations. We used physiogenomics to explore associations among polymorphisms in candidate genes and changes...

    Authors: Richard L Seip, Jeff S Volek, Andreas Windemuth, Mohan Kocherla, Maria Luz Fernandez, William J Kraemer and Gualberto Ruaño
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2008 5:4
  24. Dietary potassium supplementation in hypertensive rats is cardioprotective. This protection includes a blood pressure independent reduction in the amount of damage caused by cerebral ischemia. Therefore, we hy...

    Authors: Christine' S Rigsby, David M Pollock and Anne M Dorrance
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2008 5:3
  25. Consumption of a mixed meal increases postprandial carbohydrate utilization and decreases fat oxidation. On the other hand, acute endurance exercise increases fat oxidation and decreases carbohydrate utilizati...

    Authors: Wiley Long III, Katherine Wells, Virginia Englert, Stacy Schmidt, Matthew S Hickey and Christopher L Melby
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2008 5:2
  26. The leucine metabolite beta-hydroxy-beta-methylbutyrate (HMB) has been extensively used as an ergogenic aid; particularly among bodybuilders and strength/power athletes, who use it to promote exercise performa...

    Authors: Gabriel J Wilson, Jacob M Wilson and Anssi H Manninen
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2008 5:1
  27. The metabolic syndrome (MetS), in addition to its lipid, metabolic, and anthropomorphic characteristics, is associated with a prothrombotic and the proinflammatory state. However, the relationship of inflammat...

    Authors: Aldi T Kraja, Michael A Province, Donna Arnett, Lynne Wagenknecht, Weihong Tang, Paul N Hopkins, Luc Djoussé and Ingrid B Borecki
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2007 4:28
  28. Bio F1B hamster is an inbred hybrid strain that is highly susceptible to diet-induced atherosclerosis. We previously reported that feeding a high fat fish oil diet to Bio F1B hamster caused severe hyperlipidaemia...

    Authors: Sukhinder Kaur Cheema and Marion L Cornish
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2007 4:27
  29. Current methodology of gene expression analysis limits the possibilities of comparison between cells/tissues of organs in which cell size and/or number changes as a consequence of the study (e.g. starvation). ...

    Authors: Maria del Mar Romero, Maria del Mar Grasa, Montserrat Esteve, José Antonio Fernández-López and Marià Alemany
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2007 4:26
  30. Sulfur, after calcium and phosphorus, is the most abundant mineral element found in our body. It is available to us in our diets, derived almost exclusively from proteins, and yet only 2 of the 20 amino acids ...

    Authors: Marcel E Nimni, Bo Han and Fabiola Cordoba
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2007 4:24
  31. Low carbohydrate diets (LCDs) have been demonstrated to be effective tools for promoting weight loss and an improved plasma lipid profile. Such diets are often associated with increased meat consumption, eithe...

    Authors: Bridget A Cassady, Nicole L Charboneau, Emily E Brys, Kristin A Crouse, Donald C Beitz and Ted Wilson
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2007 4:23
  32. Intrauterine growth retardation due to maternal under-nutrition increases susceptibility to obesity and insulin resistance. We reported earlier in the offspring of mineral or vitamin restricted rat dams, a hig...

    Authors: Venu Lagishetty, Vijaya Bhanu Nandiwada, Rajender Rao Kalashikam and Raghunath Manchala
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2007 4:21
  33. Meeting patients' nutritional requirements and preventing malnutrition is a challenge following major surgical procedures. The role of ghrelin in nutritional recovery after non-gastrointestinal major surgery i...

    Authors: Mohsen Nematy, Audrey E Brynes, Philip I Hornick, Michael Patterson, Mohammad A Ghatei, Stephen R Bloom, Stephen J Brett and Gary S Frost
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2007 4:20
  34. The body mass index (BMI) is the standard parameter for predicting body fat fraction and for classifying degrees of obesity. Currently available regression equations between BMI and fat are based on 2 or 3 par...

    Authors: David G Levitt, Steven B Heymsfield, Richard N Pierson Jr., Sue A Shapses and John G Kral
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2007 4:19
  35. To determine the influence of menstrual irregularity, oral contraceptive use and other factors on bone mineral density (BMD) and bone size at different skeletal sites in 135 college-aged fit women.

    Authors: Jamie A Ruffing, Jeri W Nieves, Marsha Zion, Susan Tendy, Patricia Garrett, Robert Lindsay and Felicia Cosman
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2007 4:17
  36. Most studies on lipid lowering diets have focused on the total content of saturated, polyunsaturated and monounsaturated fatty acids. However, the distribution of these fatty acids on the triacylglycerol (TAG)...

    Authors: Tilakavati Karupaiah and Kalyana Sundram
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2007 4:16
  37. Vascular dysfunction can develop from consumption of an energy-rich diet, even prior to the onset of obesity. However, the roles played by different dietary components remain uncertain. While attempting to dev...

    Authors: Sameer Fatani, Lucy C Pickavance, Claire J Sadler, Joanne A Harrold, Roslyn Cassidy, John PH Wilding and Ebrahim K Naderali
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2007 4:15
  38. The frequency of Japanese subjects over 20 years old with metabolic syndrome is 45.6% in men but just 16.7% in women. The reason why Japanese male subjects are more susceptible to metabolic syndrome than women...

    Authors: Kyoko Miyasaka, Setsuko Kanai, Minoru Ohta, Ayako Sekime, Saeko Akimoto, Soichi Takiguchi and Akihiro Funakoshi
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2007 4:14

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