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Page 20 of 22

  1. Sulfur, after calcium and phosphorus, is the most abundant mineral element found in our body. It is available to us in our diets, derived almost exclusively from proteins, and yet only 2 of the 20 amino acids ...

    Authors: Marcel E Nimni, Bo Han and Fabiola Cordoba

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2007 4:24

    Content type: Review

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  2. Low carbohydrate diets (LCDs) have been demonstrated to be effective tools for promoting weight loss and an improved plasma lipid profile. Such diets are often associated with increased meat consumption, eithe...

    Authors: Bridget A Cassady, Nicole L Charboneau, Emily E Brys, Kristin A Crouse, Donald C Beitz and Ted Wilson

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2007 4:23

    Content type: Research

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  3. Intrauterine growth retardation due to maternal under-nutrition increases susceptibility to obesity and insulin resistance. We reported earlier in the offspring of mineral or vitamin restricted rat dams, a hig...

    Authors: Venu Lagishetty, Vijaya Bhanu Nandiwada, Rajender Rao Kalashikam and Raghunath Manchala

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2007 4:21

    Content type: Brief communication

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  4. Meeting patients' nutritional requirements and preventing malnutrition is a challenge following major surgical procedures. The role of ghrelin in nutritional recovery after non-gastrointestinal major surgery i...

    Authors: Mohsen Nematy, Audrey E Brynes, Philip I Hornick, Michael Patterson, Mohammad A Ghatei, Stephen R Bloom, Stephen J Brett and Gary S Frost

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2007 4:20

    Content type: Brief communication

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  5. The body mass index (BMI) is the standard parameter for predicting body fat fraction and for classifying degrees of obesity. Currently available regression equations between BMI and fat are based on 2 or 3 par...

    Authors: David G Levitt, Steven B Heymsfield, Richard N Pierson Jr., Sue A Shapses and John G Kral

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2007 4:19

    Content type: Research

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  6. To determine the influence of menstrual irregularity, oral contraceptive use and other factors on bone mineral density (BMD) and bone size at different skeletal sites in 135 college-aged fit women.

    Authors: Jamie A Ruffing, Jeri W Nieves, Marsha Zion, Susan Tendy, Patricia Garrett, Robert Lindsay and Felicia Cosman

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2007 4:17

    Content type: Research

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  7. Most studies on lipid lowering diets have focused on the total content of saturated, polyunsaturated and monounsaturated fatty acids. However, the distribution of these fatty acids on the triacylglycerol (TAG)...

    Authors: Tilakavati Karupaiah and Kalyana Sundram

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2007 4:16

    Content type: Review

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  8. Vascular dysfunction can develop from consumption of an energy-rich diet, even prior to the onset of obesity. However, the roles played by different dietary components remain uncertain. While attempting to dev...

    Authors: Sameer Fatani, Lucy C Pickavance, Claire J Sadler, Joanne A Harrold, Roslyn Cassidy, John PH Wilding and Ebrahim K Naderali

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2007 4:15

    Content type: Brief communication

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  9. The frequency of Japanese subjects over 20 years old with metabolic syndrome is 45.6% in men but just 16.7% in women. The reason why Japanese male subjects are more susceptible to metabolic syndrome than women...

    Authors: Kyoko Miyasaka, Setsuko Kanai, Minoru Ohta, Ayako Sekime, Saeko Akimoto, Soichi Takiguchi and Akihiro Funakoshi

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2007 4:14

    Content type: Research

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  10. Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a disease with multiple risk factors, many of which appear to involve oxidative stress. Macular pigment, with its antioxidant and light-screening properties, is though...

    Authors: Richard A Bone, John T Landrum, Yisi Cao, Alan N Howard and Francesca Alvarez-Calderon

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2007 4:12

    Content type: Research

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  11. We evaluated plasma ASP and its precursor C3 in type 2 diabetic men with/without rosiglitazone (ROSI) treatment compared to healthy non-obese men. We tested (1) whether plasma ASP or C3 are altered postprandia...

    Authors: Youssef Tahiri, Fredrik Karpe, Garry D Tan and Katherine Cianflone

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2007 4:11

    Content type: Research

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  12. Consumption of trans fats is associated with an increase of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. To comply with regulatory policies and public health authorities recommendations, trans fats should be replaced in fo...

    Authors: Frédéric Destaillats, Julie Moulin and Jean-Baptiste Bezelgues

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2007 4:10

    Content type: Letters to the Editor

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  13. Insulin resistance is often associated with increased levels of intracellular triglycerides, diacylglycerol and decreased fat β-oxidation. It was unknown if this relationship was present in patients with acute...

    Authors: Melanie G Cree, Bradley R Newcomer, David N Herndon, Ting Qian, Dayoung Sun, Beatrice Morio, Jennifer J Zwetsloot, G Lynis Dohm, Ricki Y Fram, Ronald P Mlcak, Asle Aarsland and Robert R Wolfe

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2007 4:9

    Content type: Research

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  14. To determine the importance of IgM antibodies against phosphorylcholine (aPC), a novel protective factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD), in a population with a non-western life style as compared with a Swedi...

    Authors: Johan Frostegård, WenJing Tao, Anastasia Georgiades, Lennart Råstam, Ulf Lindblad and Staffan Lindeberg

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2007 4:7

    Content type: Research

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  15. Malignant brain cancer persists as a major disease of morbidity and mortality in adults and is the second leading cause of cancer death in children. Many current therapies for malignant brain tumors fail to pr...

    Authors: Weihua Zhou, Purna Mukherjee, Michael A Kiebish, William T Markis, John G Mantis and Thomas N Seyfried

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2007 4:5

    Content type: Research

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  16. Understanding of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is hampered by the lack of a suitable model. Our aim was to investigate whether long term high saturated-fat feeding would induce NASH in rats.

    Authors: Caroline Romestaing, Marie-Astrid Piquet, Elodie Bedu, Vincent Rouleau, Marianne Dautresme, Isabelle Hourmand-Ollivier, Céline Filippi, Claude Duchamp and Brigitte Sibille

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2007 4:4

    Content type: Research

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  17. Dietary trans-rich and interesterified fats were compared to an unmodified saturated fat for their relative impact on blood lipids and plasma glucose. Each fat had melting characteristics, plasticity and solids f...

    Authors: Kalyana Sundram, Tilakavati Karupaiah and KC Hayes

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2007 4:3

    Content type: Research

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  18. Surgery, commonly performed after an overnight fast, causes a postoperative decline in the anabolic and glucose lowering insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1). Clinical fasting studies have exhibited a positive...

    Authors: Mats KEB Wallin, Eva Selldén, Staffan Eksborg and Kerstin Brismar

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2007 4:2

    Content type: Research

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  19. Dietary calcium intake and the renin angiotensin system (RAS) regulate blood pressure (BP) by modulating calcium homeostasis. Despite similar BP regulatory effects, the influence of dietary calcium intake alon...

    Authors: Linda S Pescatello, Debbie Turner, Nancy Rodriguez, Bruce E Blanchard, Gregory J Tsongalis, Carl M Maresh, Valerie Duffy and Paul D Thompson

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2007 4:1

    Content type: Research

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  20. We report longitudinal changes in the metabolic syndrome (MetS) in 2,458 participants from 480 families in the Family Heart Study. Participants were examined between 1994–96 (FHS-T1) and 2002–03 (FHS-T2), abou...

    Authors: Aldi T Kraja, Ingrid B Borecki, Kari North, Weihong Tang, Richard H Myers, Paul N Hopkins, Donna Arnett, Jonathan Corbett, Avril Adelman and Michael A Province

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2006 3:41

    Content type: Research

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  21. A Paleolithic diet has been suggested to be more in concordance with human evolutionary legacy than a cereal based diet. This might explain the lower incidence among hunter-gatherers of diseases of affluence s...

    Authors: Tommy Jönsson, Bo Ahrén, Giovanni Pacini, Frank Sundler, Nils Wierup, Stig Steen, Trygve Sjöberg, Martin Ugander, Johan Frostegård, Leif Göransson and Staffan Lindeberg

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2006 3:39

    Content type: Research

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  22. There has been intense interest in defining the functions of UCP2 and UCP3 during the nine years since the cloning of these UCP1 homologues. Current data suggest that both UCP2 and UCP3 proteins share some fea...

    Authors: Janis S Fisler and Craig H Warden

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2006 3:38

    Content type: Review

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  23. We have reported arginine-sensitive regulation of LAT1 amino acid transporter (SLC 7A5) in normal rodent hepatic cells with loss of arginine sensitivity and high level constitutive expression in tumor cells. W...

    Authors: Hwei Xian Leong, Carl Simkevich, Anne Lesieur-Brooks, Bonnie W Lau, Celine Fugere, Edmond Sabo and Nancy L Thompson

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2006 3:37

    Content type: Brief communication

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  24. Anti-epileptic medications encompass a wide range of drugs including anticonvulsants, benzodiazepines, enzyme inducers or inhibitors, with a variety effects, including induction of cytochrome P450 and other en...

    Authors: Helen A Valsamis, Surender K Arora, Barbara Labban and Samy I McFarlane

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2006 3:36

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  25. Vitamin C is a cofactor in the biosynthesis of carnitine, a molecule required for the oxidation of fatty acids. A reduction in the ability to oxidize fat may contribute to the reported inverse relationship bet...

    Authors: Carol S Johnston, Corinne Corte and Pamela D Swan

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2006 3:35

    Content type: Brief communication

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  26. Serum leptin variation is commonly associated with fat percentage (%), body mass index (BMI), and activity. In this investigation, we report population differences in mean leptin levels in healthy men as well ...

    Authors: Richard G Bribiescas and Matthew S Hickey

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2006 3:34

    Content type: Research

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  27. Glycemic load (GL) is used to quantify the glycemic impact of high-carbohydrate (CHO) foods, but cannot be used for low-CHO foods. Therefore, we evaluated the accuracy of equivalent-glycemic-load (EGL), a meas...

    Authors: Thomas MS Wolever, Alison L Gibbs, Matt Spolar, Elinor V Hitchner and Colette Heimowitz

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2006 3:33

    Content type: Methodology

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  28. To compare the accuracy of air displacement plethysmography (ADP) and dual energy x-ray absorptionmetry (DXA) in tracking changes in body composition after a 16 month weight loss intervention in overweight and...

    Authors: Cláudia S Minderico, Analiza M Silva, Pedro J Teixeira, Luis B Sardinha, Holly R Hull and David A Fields

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2006 3:32

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  29. Obesity is one of the principal causative factors involved in the development of metabolic syndrome. AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) is an energy sensor that regulates cellular metabolism. The role of AMP-...

    Authors: Shailendra Giri, Ramandeep Rattan, Ehtishamul Haq, Mushfiquddin Khan, Rifat Yasmin, Je-song Won, Lyndon Key, Avtar K Singh and Inderjit Singh

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2006 3:31

    Content type: Research

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  30. An adverse hematological interaction between vitamins E and K has been reported, primarily in patients on anticoagulants. However, little is known regarding circulating levels or tissue concentrations of vitam...

    Authors: Alison Tovar, Clement K Ameho, Jeffrey B Blumberg, James W Peterson, Donald Smith and Sarah L Booth

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2006 3:29

    Content type: Research

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  31. Resistin is secreted from adipocytes, and high circulating levels have been associated with obesity and insulin resistance. To investigate whether resistin could exert autocrine effects in adipocytes, we expre...

    Authors: Yuchang Fu, Liehong Luo, Nanlan Luo and W Timothy Garvey

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2006 3:28

    Content type: Research

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  32. A response to Louter-van de Haar J, Wielinga PY, Scheurink AJ, Nieuwenhuizen AG: Comparison of the effects of three different (-)-hydroxycitric acid preparations on food intake in rats. Nutr Metabol 2005, 2:23

    Authors: Harry G Preuss, Manashi Bagchi and Debasis Bagchi

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2006 3:26

    Content type: Letters to the Editor

    Published on:

  33. The large inter-individual variation in weight gain during standardized overfeeding together with a weight gain that is often less than theoretically calculated from the energy excess suggest that there are di...

    Authors: Annemiek MCP Joosen and Klaas R Westerterp

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2006 3:25

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  34. The average life span of Mongolians is 62 years for males and 69 years for females. This life span is about 16 years shorter than that of Japanese. Mongolian people generally eat meat, fat and diary products b...

    Authors: Fumio Komatsu, Yasuo Kagawa, Mitsuru Sakuma, Terue Kawabata, Yoshinori Kaneko, Dugee Otgontuya, Ulziiburen Chimedregzen, Luvsanbazar Narantuya and Baatar Purvee

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2006 3:21

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  35. Diets that restrict carbohydrate (CHO) have proven to be a successful dietary treatment of obesity for many people, but the degree of weight loss varies across individuals. The extent to which genetic factors ...

    Authors: Gualberto Ruaño, Andreas Windemuth, Mohan Kocherla, Theodore Holford, Maria Luz Fernandez, Cassandra E Forsythe, Richard J Wood, William J Kraemer and Jeff S Volek

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2006 3:20

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

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